Updating the management plan of Mangabe Reserve and assisting local communities through improving infrastructure and facilities

Madagasikara Voakajy
Published: 30 May 2023
Last edited: 30 May 2023
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Summary

The Mangabe protected Area is a 27,346ha Reserve established in the Alaotra-Mangoro Region, eastern Madagascar in 2015. It aims to preserve some of Madagascar’s endemic and Critically Endangered species from extinction, while maintaining key ecosystem services for human wellbeing. Through the IMET assessment of the Mangabe Reserve in January 2020, infrastructure and facilities and assistance for the communities got the lowest scores. All these issues could be resolved if the Reserve’s management plan was updated and all the roles, responsibilities and processes are clarified in this document. Therefore, updating the management plan was the first priority. The second priority action was related to improving infrastructure, equipment and facilities. As a result, the five year (2022-2026) management plan of the Mangabe Reserve has been updated and communities' assistance was responded to through the purchase of two motorbikes, building of three information centers, and the improvement of the Mangabe campsite. 

Classifications

Region
East and South Africa
Scale of implementation
Local
Ecosystem
Forest ecosystems
Tropical evergreen forest
Theme
Ecosystem services
Forest Management
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Local actors
Protected and conserved areas governance
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Sustainable livelihoods
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Species Conservation Planning
Challenges
Drought
Floods
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Ecosystem loss
Infrastructure development
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of infrastructure
Lack of technical capacity
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 9 – Industry, innovation and infrastructure
SDG 15 – Life on land
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 5: Habitat loss halved or reduced
Target 6: Sustainable management of aquatic living resources
Target 7: Sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
Target 11: Protected and conserved areas
Target 19: Sharing information and knowledge

Location

Moramanga, Alaotra-Mangoro, Madagascar
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Challenges

Despite the protection and conservation efforts to date, forest cover in Mangabe Reserve continues to decline. According to the online platform Global Forest Watch (www.globalforestwatch.org ), the forest cover loss is 2,872.92ha between 2015 and 2021 which is 10.5% of the total surface of Mangabe Reserve. This decline is the result of complex issues including the increasing demand for timber products, the increasing demand for fertile soil, the lack of direct and regular benefits from conservation, the poor enforcement of regulations and the low recovery of forest after disturbance. These issues need to be addressed rapidly and efficiently through updating the Mangabe management plan and implementing key actions defined with all stakeholders.

Beneficiaries

  • Regional and national representatives of the Government, Rural Communes and villages within and around Mangabe Reserve, local communities
  • Target species including the Golden Mantella frog (Mantella aurantiaca) and lemurs (Indri indri, Propithecus diadema)

How do the building blocks interact?

Building information centers is part of implementation of Mangabe management plan 2022-26. As we envisioned the local communities to lead the management of Mangabe Reserve by 2040, the use of information centers is one way to engage local communities through giving them necessary documents and building their capacity. We aim to see Mangabe Reserve as a home for people and nature, benefitting each other. Forest cover and quality will be maintained to provide essential ecosystem services for people and wild species. Mangabe’s wild species will be assessed as viable and non-threatened. Local communities will lead the sustainable management of the Mangabe Reserve.

Impacts

  • The Mangabe management plan was validated at all levels (local, regional, and national) in 2021. The vision is that within 20 years, Mangabe Reserve will be managed by local communities and will provide ecosystem services and economic benefits for the Malagasy population.
  • As direct impacts of the project, information centers in the three villages (Mangabe, Andranomandry, and Avolo) were used by community members (Community Based Associations, youths, women group, and local authorities) to run meetings and exchange information. Communities visit also these information centers to read useful books during their spare time. Particularly, the information center in Mangabe village was used by the Women group called “Miavotra” for their sewing and embroidery course between July and September 2022.  In October 2022, the Miavotra group sold their first products to visitors of the Aqua-firma group (https://www.aqua-firma.com/) and to two staff members of Chester Zoo. After discussion, they decided to allocate part of the proceeds to the purchase of materials ($13). During the Chester Zoo Expedition in January 2023, they achieved a sales income of $105 (460 000 Ariary).
  • Communities were timely assisted through the use of motorbikes by Madagasikara teams in case of urgent reports and also through regular fieldworks to monitor their progress towards their management on natural resources.

Contributed by

randriamamonjyvoahirana_42858's picture

Voahirana Randriamamonjy Madagasikara Voakajy