Using ICT tools in participatory vulnerability assessments

Proud participants at the handover ceremony for the completed 3D Model of Tobago. Copyright CANARI.
Published: 19 August 2015
Last edited: 30 September 2020
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Using Information Communication Technologies (ICT) tools to facilitate participatory climate change vulnerability assessments addresses the challenge of effectively engaging a wide range of stakeholders, including those at different literacy and capacity levels, to capture local and traditional knowledge as well as stakeholder input on priority needs and opportunities for resilience building in the Caribbean islands.


Scale of implementation
Coastal forest
Coral reef
Freshwater ecosystems
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Cities and infrastructure
Coastal and marine spatial management
Geodiversity and Geoconservation
Ecosystem loss
Pollution (incl. eutrophication and litter)
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Unemployment / poverty


Antigua and Barbuda


effectively engaging stakeholders in climate change vulnerability assessments The solution seeks to facilitate means of effectively engaging stakeholders in climate change vulnerability assessment processes to capture local and traditional knowledge as well as stakeholder input on priority needs and opportunities for resilience building.


governments, NGOs, local communities, resource users, and private sector enterprises

How do the building blocks interact?

The building blocks (P3DM and PV) can be used together in different ways. PV can be done before P3DM to start to engage stakeholders and mobilise them for more detailed work in model building. PV can also be done during P3DM to conduct detailed field or stakeholder validation of information captured during the model building process. PV can also be done during and after the P3DM process when the model is completed to help to capture what stakeholders feel are the main points in terms of vulnerability and priorities for resilience building for communication to policy-makers and other stakeholders.


· Building stakeholder capacity and social networks: Stakeholders were able to effectively communicate local knowledge and to discuss and quickly develop consensus on what were the key areas of vulnerability and priorities for adaptation. · Cost effective data collection: Participatory 3D Mapping (P3DM) allowed capture, storage and presentation of vast quantities of up-to-date data. • Local and scientific knowledge: P3DM facilitated integration of local knowledge and scientific data for participatory land use development planning.


Smokey is a local community leader and activist in the village of Speyside on the island of Tobago. He is a cultural figure and fisherman and a member of the Speyside Eco Marine Park Rangers. This community organisation is dedicated to community co-management of natural resources to support sustainable livelihoods for the community. Their vision is that of a world-class protected area of rainforest and coral reefs that is well managed by the community of Tobago. Towards this end, they undertake activities in advocacy, education, monitoring and co-management. Smokey is a frequent feature on a local radio station and speaks passionately on development issues. Given his interest and relevant local knowledge, Smokey was invited to participate in the P3DM process in Tobago. This was planned to allow different communities to participate in building the model on different days by inputting information on their community. Smokey was so enraptured with the process and the opportunity to share information and ideas with others that he attended several of the 14 days it took to build the model. He had passionate discussions on the impacts of climate change that were being felt by fishermen in coastal areas and was key in helping to refine and validate information submitted by various stakeholders. Smokey was selected by his peers to represent them at the ceremony that was held to hand over the completed model to the local government authority, the Tobago House of Assembly. At the ceremony, Smokey and others highlighted the key findings on what were the key vulnerabilities facing Tobagonians and what needed to be done to address these.

Contributed by's picture

Nicole Leotaud Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI)

Other contributors

Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI)