Coral Restoration for Resilient Ecosystems and Sustainable Livelihoods

Owen Day
Publicado: 10 Julio 2020
Última edición: 10 Julio 2020
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Resumen

The project focused on building capacity for coral restoration in St Lucia as an ecosystem-based adpatation to climate change. Resilient coral genotypes of elkhorn and staghorn corals were selected from local reefs and propagated in nurseries. We trained and supported local coral gardeners who maintained over 2,500 corals in the nurseries and outplanted over 1,500 1-year old corals. The project developed a Public-Private Partnership with Sandals Foundation and Government of St Lucia, based on a sustainable financing mechanism to ensure that the coral gardeners could continue receiving an income after the end of the project. The training provided skills in SCUBA diving for community members and specialized skills in coral restoration - including a new National Vocational Qualification in Coral Restoration. These new skills helped to empower the local community (young adults in particular) to play a greater role in the stewardship of their coastal resources. 

Classifications

Región
El Caribe
Escala de aplicación
Nacional
Ecosistema
Arrecifes coralinos
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Tema
Adaptación al cambio climático
Financiación sostenible
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Medios de vida sostenibles
Restauracion
World Heritage
Challenges
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Acidificación de los océanos
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de capacidad técnica
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 14 - Vida submarina
Metas de Aichi
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Las áreas protegidas
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Presentación de la (I)NDC
CLEAR Coral Restoration St Lucia

Ubicación

Soufrière, Saint Lucia

Impactos positivos

  • Increased income for the coral gardeners.  The supplementary income benefited the coral gardeners (men and women) directly, but also provided indirect benefits to their children and partners. 
  • New opportunities for future earnings:  The agreed sustainable financing mechanism developed between CLEAR and the Sandals Foundation will provide income for the coral gardeners when tourism activities resume after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides. Community-based coral restoration should be promoted as priority during the Post-Covid19 green recovery.
  • Increased ecological resilience.  Corals were propagated from fragments taken from large source colonies that displayed very healthy phenotypes, that had survived previous bleaching events (i.e. adapted to higher SST), disease outbreaks (e.g. White Band) and poor water quality (e.g. sediment and high nutrients during rainy season). Different genotypes were planted in clusters to promote effective sexual reproduction and greater genetic diversity (i.e greater resilience).
  • Increased social resilience. Improving the health, resilience and rugosity of shallow (<7m) fringing coral reefs is particularly important for coastal communities, as it improves coastal protection from storms and sea level rise, provision of food from fisheries and income from tourism.

Contribuido por

Owen Day CLEAR Caribbean