The Upper Tana-Nairobi Water Fund Trust: Innovation at the nexus of conservation, food, water, energy and business

Roshni Lodhia, The Nature Conservancy
Publicado: 15 Octubre 2020
Última edición: 15 Octubre 2020
remove_red_eye 580 Vistas


The Tana River supplies 95 percent of the water for Nairobi’s 4 million residents, and for another 5 million people living in the watershed. It also feeds one of the country’s most important agricultural areas and provides half of the country’s hydropower output. The Upper Tana-Nairobi Water Fund (UTNWF) is a public-private partnership that was established to address complex challenges in the critical Tana river catchment system including the impacts of climate change and unsustainable farming practices.


The primary goal of the UTNWF Trust is to help protect and restore the quality and supply of water to one of Kenya’s most productive and economically important regions. The fund’s business case study showed that a $10 million USD investment in water fund-led conservation interventions is likely to return $21.5 million USD in economic benefits over a 30-year timeframe.


África Oriente y África del Sur
Escala de aplicación
Campos de cultivo
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Río, corriente
Ciudades e infraestructuras
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Medios de vida sostenibles
Prevención de erosión
Servicios ecosistémicos
Lluvia errática
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 4 - Educación de calidad
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 6 - Agua limpia y saneamiento
ODS 7 - Energía asequible y no contaminante
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 10- Reducción de las desigualidades
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
ODS 16 - Paz, justicia e instituciones sólidas
ODS 17 - Alianzas para lograr los objetivos
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 3: Incentivos reformados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 11: Las áreas protegidas
Meta 13: Protección de la diversidad genética
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través del gobierno


Nairobi, Kenya

Impactos positivos

The water fund partners are providing the skills, training and resources to capacitate farmers in reducing soil erosion, conserving water, and improving productivity. The fund focuses on the most at-risk areas of the watershed and helps farmers take simple steps to increase water and food security. Strategies include vegetated buffer zones along river banks, terracing, agroforestry, reforestation, water harvesting and more. In six years, the water fund has generated a wide range of benefits for the region:

  • 26,474 farmers are applying soil conservation and water-saving measures
  • 8,500 coffee farmers have achieved Rainforest Alliance certification
  • 1.4 million trees have been planted
  • 15,000 hectares of land are under sustainable management.
  • 28 automated river gauging stations became automated
  • 37,464 farmers enrolled in a mobile data monitoring platform
  • 2,200 people and 8,000 livestock have year-round access to reliable water from two communal water pans
  • 800 million litres of water are harvested annually in water pans in the watershed
  • 100 biogas digesters were installed for high-performing farmers
  • Various local partnerships have formed with NGOs and expert institutions to strengthen the impact of the fund.

Contribuido por

Matthew Koehorst Greenpop, IUCN Urban Alliance

Contribuído por

The Nature Conservancy
The Nature Conservancy