Creating a Bio-engineering social enterprise

Bighnaharta Nepal
Publicado: 24 Septiembre 2021
Última edición: 24 Septiembre 2021
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Resumen

The lowland hilly ranges in Nepal are geologically young and tectonically active, posing a huge issues of geo-disasters such as landslides, soil erosion and environmental degradation. The area is also home to tribal communities who along with living at risk of environmental hazards experience a range of livelihood challenges shaped by historic socio-economical marginalization.

In order to mitigate natural disasters such as floods and landslides which are frequent in the hilly terrains, this nature-based solution aims to plant Broom Grass and  Bamboo on degraded lands and landslide prone areas, to save the households at risk communities while also addressing their economic issue by training them on social enterprise and finding the market for the produced goods from, those planted cash crop.

Broom grass and bamboo are able to mitigate landslide and  pose a huge financial potential as their byproducts such as brooms, bio fuel, papers and handicraft are in huge demand in global market.

Classifications

Región
Sur de Asia
Escala de aplicación
Local
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Campos de cultivo
Tema
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Conocimientos tradicionales
Medios de vida sostenibles
Mitigación del cambio climático
Poblaciones indígenas
Prevención de erosión
Reducción de desastres
Seguridad alimentaria
Retos
Avalanchas/Derrumbes
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Erosión
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 10- Reducción de las desigualidades
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes
Metas del marco de Sendai
Meta 1: Reducir la mortalidad global por desastre para 2030
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Compromiso directo con asociaciones

Ubicación

Makwanpur District, Narayani, Nepal

Retos

The main challenges that we faced were

 

Environmental: The plantation areas had to be done on terrains where landslides were frequent and soil was loose, posing the danger of work accidents. Therefor the plantation had to be done very cautiously. 

 

Social: Because the solution required the beneficiaries to spend couple of months during plantation and some weeks in capacity building workshops, it deprived them of the earnings they could have made doing manual labor works during that time.

 

Economic: Since this is a multi-year project, done by the newly created organization/group, raising funds was challenging.

Beneficiarios

The tribal communities living in those areas who have been historically marginalized both politically and economically. Most of the beneficiaries live under the poverty line. While conducting the project female-led households were given priority.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The organization facilitating this solution plays a vital part in linking these bulding blocks and making them co-dependable. 

During the pilot phase of the project, Community Sensitization was done on large scale to interact and enroll the beneficiaries in the project and creating alliances. The beneficiaries and the implementing organization worked directly with these alliances on various levels to ensure their direct involvement in the success of this solution. The co-operative committee that was formed before the implementation phase for planning, management, implementation and marketing of the products conists of the beneficiary community as well as the alliances.

Impactos positivos

Impacts created through the implementation of this solution in the pilot phase are:

  • Mitigation of geo-disaster such as landslides, flash floods, soil erosion and overall environmental degradation
  • Improvement of livelihoods of tribal and marginalized communities living in the proximity of the area through the sale of products from the cash crops 
  • Promotion of the tribal and indigenous knowledge 

Historia

Bighnaharta Nepal

The gentelman in the photo inherited some land after the demise of his parents. Since he was young at the time of the allottment, he was given the degraded part by his elder brothers who took away the arable land. Because of the loose soil his land had frequent landslides and was not suitable to plant anything. He enrolled in this project and learned about broom grass plantation through the workshop given by this organization and started planting broom grass on his land to combat degradation. There have not been a single instance of landslide since and he was able to produce and sell brooms in the market earning an income. Through his plantation the soil became less loose and its properties improved. 

Contribuido por

Gomesh Singh Upreti Bighnaharta Nepal