Gender integration within the Mt. Mantalingahan protected landscape

© Conservation International/photo by Lynn Tang
Publicado: 23 Febrero 2017
Última edición: 02 Octubre 2020
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While the Mt. Mantalingahan Protected Landscape was designed with input and consent from the indigenous communities living within and adjacent to the area, primarily indigenous leaders (all male) were consulted. We conducted an analysis through documents, interviews and surveys to identify how, and to what extent, both men and women were (and are) involved in management. We used these results to inform development of the new management plan, which is now more gender-informed.


Sudeste Asiático
Scale of implementation
Bosques tropicales de hoja perenne
Ecosistemas forestales
Actores locales
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Manejo de bosques
Medios de vida sostenibles
Poblaciones indígenas
Servicios ecosistémicos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Deficiente gobernanza y participación


Mount Mantalingajan, Rizal, Palawan, MIMAROPA, Philippines


This case study highlights many of the same challenges often seen in conservation: an assumption that leaders can necessarily speak for diverse interests and needs, patriarchal cultures where women are not allowed in the decision-making and consultation arenas, and a lack of time/understanding on the part of conservationists to take the extra steps and ensure the voices of less visible constituents are incorporated.


All men and women who live in, or use resources from, the Mt. Mantalingahan Protected Area.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The gender analysis, using BB1 (gender guidelines), allowed for gathering of specific feedback and recommendations. These recommendations were then used to inform BB2 (integration into the management plan). It was only because of the first BB that the second could occur, and without the ability to integrate recommendations into the management plan, gathering the data would have been insufficient to make any real change.


Together with the survey and interview participants, we developed recommendations for making the new management plan more responsive to the needs, interests and priorities of both men and women. These recommendations were accepted by the management board and have been adopted into the new 5-year management plan for the Landscape (which was being drafted). It remains to be seen what the actual impacts of these changes are towards the end of the 5 years; we plan to conduct another assessment at that time. This case study provides a good example of how powerful it can be to provide recommendations at an opportune time (e.g. when a management plan is being updated).


Blog about a female ranger in the area:

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Kame Westerman Conservation International

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Conservation International
Conservation International