Recommendations for an NbS pilot intervention in Elbasan Municipality, Albania, defined through the NbS Baseline Assessment of the Shkumbini River basin

IUCN, ADAPT "Nature-based Solutions for Resilient Societies in the Western Balkans” Project
Publicado: 07 Abril 2023
Última edición: 07 Abril 2023
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Summary

The  Municipality of Elbasan faces various environmental challenges with significant impacts on livelihood, infrastructure and biodiversity.

In order to tackle these challenges, recommendations for an Nature based Solution (NbS) pilot intervention in Elbasan Municipality have been defined based on the NbS Baseline Assignment. The process included consultations with relevant stakeholders, identification of potential sites for implementing pilot NbS measures, and a multidisciplinary assessment. 

The Baseline Assessment covered the topics of water management, biodiversity, and socio-economic and gender inclusiveness. Based on collected data and information, the assessment identified the Gurra catchment within the Shkumbini River basin, as the most appropriate location for the implementation of NbS measures.

The Baseline Assessment suggest two types of NbS interventions for the Gurra catchment:

- restoration of the forest landscape, and

- regulation of flow and excessive transport of sediment using check-dams.

Clasificaciones

Region
Europa Occidental y del Sur
Europa del Este
Scale of implementation
Local
Nacional
Subnacional
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Bosque templado caducifolio
Campos de cultivo
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Ecosistemas forestales
Pasto
Río, corriente
Theme
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Agricultura
Comunicación y divulgación
Gestión de tierras
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Manejo de bosques
Manejo de cuencas
Manejo de incendios e inundaciones
Medios de vida sostenibles
Prevención de erosión
Reducción de desastres
Restauracion
Turismo
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Challenges
Inundaciones
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Falta de capacidad técnica
Sustainable development goals
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Marco de Sendai
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030

Ubicación

Elbasan, Albania

Impacts

The NbS Baseline Assessment in Elbasan Municipality enabled data collection and analysis on the state of biodiversity and ecosystems, socio-economic context, gender inclusiveness and current environmental policy. Different local and national stakeholders were consulted at each stage of the process to ensure that their needs and expectations are considered and reflected in the analysis. They identified the environmental targets to be addressed: mitigation of floods and soil erosion, reduction of water pollution, and enrichment of ecosystems and biodiversity.

The information gathered during these consultations, combined with a multi-disciplinary expert analysis, enabled identification of the priority zone for implementation of NbS measures: the Gurra catchment in the area of the village of Shushica. The proposed NbS measures will contribute to protection and safeguarding of some 150 hectares of productive agricultural land adjacent to the Shkumbini River that floods regularly. The intervention will decrease the torrential flow intensity, thus eliminating intensive erosion and preventing sediment transport and its accumulation along the Shkumbini River.

Strong stakeholder engagement ensured a broader understanding of the NbS concept amongst the local community and stakeholders, thus improving acceptance and local ownership over the proposed NbS intervention.

Contribuido por

Imagen de milica.radanovic_42022

Milica Radanovic IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia