Supporting dialogue process to declare a regional MPA in La Guajira, Colombia

GIZ and Corpoguajira
Publicado: 08 Mayo 2020
Última edición: 08 Mayo 2020
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Together with the regional environmental authority (Corpoguajira), the Ministry of the Interior and the Wayuu indigenous communities of La Guajira department, we have supported a dialogue process to declare a regional Marine Protected Area (MPA) following the Colombian Roadmap for MPAs. A pivotal step in this declaration is the prior consultation, where the vision and traditional knowledge of local communities is included. The future MPA of “Bahías Honda y Hondita” is located in the northeast of Colombia and is part of the indigenous reservation.

Within the dialogue process, we have enhanced agreements on the use and management of marine resources between the Wayuu and the authorities. Those agreements take into account the vision and cosmogony of the communities, which will be the basis for the management plan of the MPA. The MPA declaration is part of a broader strategy of integrated planning and management of coastal and marine areas developed by the MIMAC project.


El Caribe
Escala de aplicación
Arrecifes coralinos
Bosques costeros
Desierto costero
Ecosistemas del desierto
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Pradera marina
Conocimientos tradicionales
Gobernanza de áreas protegidas
Poblaciones indígenas
Servicios ecosistémicos
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de infraestructura
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 14 - Vida submarina
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Metas de Aichi
Meta 11: Las áreas protegidas
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos


Uribia, La Guajira Department, Colombia

Impactos positivos

This regional MPA will contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and the adaptation to change climate. This dialogue process will enhance the conservation of around 48.000 hectares that shelter strategic ecosystems like mangroves, coral reefs and seagrass meadows. The Wayuu communities rely on those ecosystems for some of their activities such as fishery and tourism.


More than 250 members of the Wayuu communities have received training about their rights and duties in the consultation process before the dialogue started. Furthermore, around 500 people have participated in the consultation workshops. These include the identification and analysis of possible impacts of the MPA, and the formulation of management measures.


This dialogue process has enabled stakeholders and communities to exchange information regarding natural resources and their use. In this way, we have developed social cartography, seasonal calendars and other technical results in cooperation with the communities.


Corpoguajira has raised awareness about the formulation of the management plan in meetings with more than 25 communities. Moreover, we supported the establishment of agreements on the use of the natural resources in the MPA, such as respect for the cultural and ancestral use of mangroves by Wayuu communities or the promotion of sustainable fishing techniques.

Contribuido por

Julian Castro-Gomez Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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