Co-management of Range-lands - Al Yarmouk Forest Reserve, Jordan

The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature
Publié: 10 juin 2020
Dernière modification: 07 août 2020
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Résumé

The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) is the national organization mandated to establish and manage protected areas in Jordan. Established in 1966, it manages 10 PAs totalling 3,000Km2, representing 3% of the country. Also, RSCN leads the national program on socioeconomic development of rural communities, living in and around PAs, focusing on sustainable resource management and ecotourism. With an area of ​​20 km2, the Yarmouk Forest Reserve (YFR) is located in the northern corner of the Kingdom. YFR aims to conserve the relic forests of the deciduous oak in Jordan. YFR embraces four vegetation types including 450 species of plants, 150 species of animals, a 100 of which are birds. Further, YFR is of high cultural importance including the Archaeological City of Um Qais and the living heritage in small towns with their traditional practices. Communities living around YFR are mainly rural and depend on seasonal farming and livestock herding for their livelihoods.

Classifications

Région
Asie de l'Ouest, Moyen-Orient
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Forêt de feuillus tempéré
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Adaptation au changement climatique
Connaissances traditionnelles
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion des aires protégées
Challenges
Sécheresse
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Érosion
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 11: Aires protégées

Emplacement

Irbid, Irbid Governorate, Jordan
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Les impacts positifs

In recent years, due to prolonged drought periods and unsustainable land use, YFR’s biodiversity and land productivity have been deteriorating rapidly. Main threats include excessive grazing and wood cutting for subsistence and trade. In response, RSCN has adopted an integrated management plan to address all factors influencing YFR. The plan was developed with full participation of local users and includes a participative zoning scheme which comprises a sustainable grazing program in and around the reserve. The grazing management program includes components on rangeland protection and socioeconomic alternatives to livestock owners, all based on traditional knowledge, and delivered through collaborative measures: 1) a collaborative rangeland management platform, 2) rotational grazing program including no go zones in critical biodiversity areas, 3) program on improved herd productivity and reproductive cycles, and 4) a community –owned alternative low-cost fodder production unit.

Contribué par

Tarek Abulhawa The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN)