Community-based breeding programs (CBBPs)

Picture taken by Tesfaye Getachew Mengistu, ICARDA.
Publié: 23 février 2021
Dernière modification: 27 février 2021
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Résumé

Ten years ago, Community-based breeding programs appeared as a pioneer solution for genetic improvement of sheep and goat in low input systems. They focus on training and building local capacity, leading to sustained genetic improvement of indigenous breeds. The solution has resulted in genetic gain of economically important traits, shown an increase in farmer income by 20% and helped the community triple consumption of animal source food.

Classifications

Région
Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Afrique du Nord
Afrique occidentale et centrale
Amérique du Sud
Asie du Nord et Centrale
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Mondial
Ecosystème
Désert chaud
Pâturages
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes de désert
Thème
Acteurs locaux
Agriculture
Connaissances traditionnelles
Diversité génétique
Indigènes
L'intégration du genre
Moyens d'existence durables
Science et recherche
Sécurité alimentaire
Challenges
Désertification
Sécheresse
Précipitations erratiques
Chaleurs extrêmes
Hausse des températures
Gestion inefficace des ressources financières
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque de capacités techniques
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Manque d'infrastructures
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 2 - Faim "zéro"
ODD 3 - Bonne santé et bien-être
ODD 5 - Égalité entre les sexes
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Approches pour l’engagement des entreprises
Engagement direct avec des associations
Indirect à travers des gouvernements

Emplacement

Ethiopia | Ethiopia, Sudan, Iran, Uganda, Tanzania, Liberia, Malawi, Tunisia and Burkina Faso, and Argentina, Bolivia.

Défis

CBBPs came to address the issue of growing global demand for meat, milk and other livestock products and struggling communities to increase the production of animals in Ethiopia, the lack of which is in part due to low productivity per animal and flock offtake. Indeed, Ethiopia has a large and diverse population of small ruminants, which contribute substantially to the livelihood and income of the rural poor. In the past, the government of Ethiopia had placed much emphasis on importing exotic genetics rather than focusing on local ones and crossbreeding with local stock as a strategy for genetic improvement. However, this has not led to a significant productivity improvement and the programmes have generally been unsustainable. CBBPS therefore address challenges related to SDG1 and SDG2 by their inclusion of indigenous breeds and their impressive results in measurable genetic gains and socioeconomic impact.

Bénéficiaires

Small ruminant farmers in low-input systems and small ruminant value chain actors.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

In practice, the link between training and developing local capacity and implementation of business development is permitted when CBBP’s combine the selection of breeding rams and bucks based on a careful recording of important production parameters, such as body weight at a specific age and birthing intervals, with an expert local opinion on what constitutes a good ram or buck within real-world settings, followed by its communal use for improved breeding. Farmers who participate provide their local knowledge and are organized into sheep and goat breeding associations, many of which evolve into formal cooperatives independent of ICARDA’s support.

Les impacts positifs

  • High reach: More than 5000 Households in 40 villages have been directly involved and benefited from the programs.  Farmers have also created 35 formal breeders’ cooperatives, which have been able to build capital from investments.
  • Increased productivity: CBBPs increases the productivity and profitability of indigenous breeds without undermining their resilience and genetic integrity, and without expensive interventions. Benefits of CBBPs include lamb growth rate, lambing interval, and reduced mortality.
  • High market price: Higher market price compared to sheep and goats from non-members.
  • Business development: Sheep and goat farming in CBBP’s zones are a top business activity and the linchpin of many farmers’ livelihoods. In 2019, 44 youth groups with a total of 485 members (41 percent female) were trained in sheep husbandry, ration balancing and formulation, entrepreneurship and marketing.
  • Social inclusion: Contribution to social inclusion through training of  50 masters and 15 PhD students, who now advocate for the program within their universities and organisations.

Histoire

"The cooperative structure will serve the community well into the future. Bonga has a very well-organized and vibrant cooperative that thinks out of the box. They have overseen a transformation from subsistence farming to a market-oriented sheep production system. They are becoming a self-sustaining private sector.” Alemayehu Haile

Contribué par

ICARDA Solutions