Creating a Bio-engineering social enterprise

Bighnaharta Nepal
Publié: 24 septembre 2021
Dernière modification: 24 septembre 2021
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Résumé

The lowland hilly ranges in Nepal are geologically young and tectonically active, posing a huge issues of geo-disasters such as landslides, soil erosion and environmental degradation. The area is also home to tribal communities who along with living at risk of environmental hazards experience a range of livelihood challenges shaped by historic socio-economical marginalization.

In order to mitigate natural disasters such as floods and landslides which are frequent in the hilly terrains, this nature-based solution aims to plant Broom Grass and  Bamboo on degraded lands and landslide prone areas, to save the households at risk communities while also addressing their economic issue by training them on social enterprise and finding the market for the produced goods from, those planted cash crop.

Broom grass and bamboo are able to mitigate landslide and  pose a huge financial potential as their byproducts such as brooms, bio fuel, papers and handicraft are in huge demand in global market.

Classifications

Région
Asie du Sud
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Agroforesterie
Terres cultivées
Écosystème agricole
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Atténuation du changement climatique
Connaissances traditionnelles
Indigènes
Moyens d'existence durables
Prévention de l'érosion
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
Sécurité alimentaire
Défis
Avalanches/Glissements
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Érosion
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Développement d’infrastructure
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 2 - Faim "zéro"
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 10 - Inégalités réduites
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 18: Connaissances traditionnelles
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Objectif 20: Mobiliser toutes les ressources disponibles
Cadre d'action de Sendai
1: Réduire nettement, au niveau mondial, d’ici à 2030, la mortalité due aux catastrophes.
2: Réduire nettement, d’ici à 2030, le nombre de personnes touchées par des catastrophes.
3: Réduire, d’ici à 2030, les pertes économiques directes dues aux catastrophes en proportion du produit intérieur brut (PIB).
Approches pour l’engagement des entreprises
Engagement direct avec une entreprise
Engagement direct avec des associations

Emplacement

Makwanpur District, Narayani, Nepal

Défis

The main challenges that we faced were

 

Environmental: The plantation areas had to be done on terrains where landslides were frequent and soil was loose, posing the danger of work accidents. Therefor the plantation had to be done very cautiously. 

 

Social: Because the solution required the beneficiaries to spend couple of months during plantation and some weeks in capacity building workshops, it deprived them of the earnings they could have made doing manual labor works during that time.

 

Economic: Since this is a multi-year project, done by the newly created organization/group, raising funds was challenging.

Bénéficiaires

The tribal communities living in those areas who have been historically marginalized both politically and economically. Most of the beneficiaries live under the poverty line. While conducting the project female-led households were given priority.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The organization facilitating this solution plays a vital part in linking these bulding blocks and making them co-dependable. 

During the pilot phase of the project, Community Sensitization was done on large scale to interact and enroll the beneficiaries in the project and creating alliances. The beneficiaries and the implementing organization worked directly with these alliances on various levels to ensure their direct involvement in the success of this solution. The co-operative committee that was formed before the implementation phase for planning, management, implementation and marketing of the products conists of the beneficiary community as well as the alliances.

Les impacts positifs

Impacts created through the implementation of this solution in the pilot phase are:

  • Mitigation of geo-disaster such as landslides, flash floods, soil erosion and overall environmental degradation
  • Improvement of livelihoods of tribal and marginalized communities living in the proximity of the area through the sale of products from the cash crops 
  • Promotion of the tribal and indigenous knowledge 

Histoire

Bighnaharta Nepal

The gentelman in the photo inherited some land after the demise of his parents. Since he was young at the time of the allottment, he was given the degraded part by his elder brothers who took away the arable land. Because of the loose soil his land had frequent landslides and was not suitable to plant anything. He enrolled in this project and learned about broom grass plantation through the workshop given by this organization and started planting broom grass on his land to combat degradation. There have not been a single instance of landslide since and he was able to produce and sell brooms in the market earning an income. Through his plantation the soil became less loose and its properties improved. 

Contribué par

Gomesh Singh Upreti Bighnaharta Nepal