Publié: 04 octobre 2023
Dernière modification: 07 février 2024
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Résumé

With increasing global human activity encroaching on wildlife habitats, growing demand for wildlife consumption & expanding global trade, the risk of pathogen spillover from wildlife to humans is escalating. There is not a simple answer on how to prevent this & not a single person who could do it alone. The only chance we have is to work together towards this as a common goal with a holistic, cross-cutting & synergistic approach.

The International Alliance therefore offers a solution by serving as an inclusive & interdisciplinary platform for stakeholders. It is a collaborative space to join forces to better understand & reduce the threat of pathogen spillover from wildlife trade & consumption, providing & communicating evidence, and supporting interventions. Thereby we reduce the risk, while improving health, equity & well-being for all species through a One Health approach. 

Classifications

Région
Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Afrique occidentale et centrale
Amérique centrale
Amérique du Sud
Asie de l'Est
Asie du Nord et Centrale
Asie du Sud
Asie du Sud-Est
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Intranational
Local
Mondial
Multinational
National
Ecosystème
Forêt de conifères tropicaux
Forêt de feuillus tropicaux
Forêt sempervirente tempéré
Prairie tempérée, savane, maquis
Prairie tropicale, savane, maquis
Écosystèmes forestiers
Écosystémes des prairies
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Acteurs locaux
Braconnage et la criminalité environnementale
Cadre juridique et politique
Connaissances traditionnelles
Connectivité / conservation transfrontières
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion des espèces
Gouvernance des Aires protégées et conservées
Indigènes
L'intégration de la biodiversité
Moyens d'existence durables
One Health
Santé et bien-être humain
Science et recherche
Sensibilisation et communications
Services écosystèmiques
Standards/ certification
Sécurité alimentaire
Une seule santé
Santé animale
Lien entre la biodiversité et la santé
Systèmes agro-alimentaires
Bonne gouvernance des paysages
Maladies tropicales négligées, maladies infectieuses émergentes, maladies non- transmissibles, zoonoses, résistance aux agents antimicrobiens
Commerce des animaux sauvages et conflits homme-animaux sauvages
Défis
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Perte de l'écosystème
Braconnage
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Changements dans le contexte socio-culturel
Health
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Manque de capacités techniques
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 3 - Bonne santé et bien-être
ODD 12 - Consommation et production responsables
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Objectifs d’Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 17: Stratégies de la biodiversité et des plans d'action
Objectif 18: Connaissances traditionnelles
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Autres cibles
GBF Target 1
GBF Target 4
GBF Target 5
GBF Target 9
GBF Target 13
GBF Target 20
GBF Target 21

Emplacement

Germany
Guatemala
Bolivia
Chile
Brazil
Myanmar
Vietnam
People's Republic of China
Indonesia
Thailand
Laos
Bhutan
Philippines
Mongolia
Cameroon
Botswana
Kenya
Nigeria
Zambia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Angola
Tanzania
Liberia
United Kingdom
United States
Switzerland

Défis

Due to the expanding of civilisation and the increase of wild animal consumption the contact between wildlife and human gets even closer and therefore the risk of pathogen spillover from wildlife trade and markets is highly increased. Both a lack of regulations and insufficient data on retail trends pose a particular challengee here.

The pace of translating information into actions is not keeping pace with the unprecedented rate of social and environmental changes that result in existential health risks from global pandemics to local family illnesses. This is because stakeholders work in siloes and knowledge remains disconnected. The International Alliance helps decision makers to take faster action and prevent pandemics directly at their source, it supports interventions from its members to better understand and reduce the threat of future spillovers, to improve health, equity, and well-being for all species.

Bénéficiaires

  • Global human population, lowered risk of health and economic crises from spillover of zoonoses through pandemic prevention
  • Wildlife, their health and conservation
  • Environment through a better understanding of its connection to humans and animals

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The International Alliance is a diverse, multi-stakeholder platform with several key components: a feature-rich website, funded projects, country packages, and a governmental facility. Members and communication management play a vital role throughout the context.
Our global community, as of February 2024, consists of 120+ national and international political, academic, and civil society organizations, along with  90+ individual scientists, experts, and academics (total of 415+ people).

The website serves as a hub to explore the Alliance's concept, showcase member support, share information with the public and community, and facilitate knowledge and experience exchange of knowledge and experiences. The Project Map and Members Area are particulary valuable tools for achieving these goals.

Working groups actively engage members in the Alliance development, leveraging the community's expert knowledge to create collective outputs.

The Alliance's offers support by—funding projects, country packages, and governmental facilities to promote best practices and address health risks coming from wildlife trade and consumption. This empowers stakeholders to develop tailored solutions for their contexts.

Impacts

We have created an interdisciplinary, international, and inclusive multi-stakeholder platform with the space where different stakeholders meet, exchange, and synergize through the Newsletter, seminars, workshops, expert-talks, and working groups. To translate knowledge and science into actual change, our members work together on specific topics like the Science-Policy-Interface, Transformative System Change, or Evaluation & Effective Interventions.

We have supported the trialling of various approaches to primary pandemic prevention and currently reach over 600 people through our newsletter alone.

We develop context-specific policy recommendations, drive public awareness and therefore behavioural changes as well as fill knowledge gaps.

We work together with governments, ministries, and the public health sector through a Governmental Consultation Facility to ensure that evidence-based knowledge reaches decision-makers.

We lay the groundwork to provide stakeholders with the know-how about the health risks of wildlife trade so they can take informed action and reduce the risks of future outbreaks and pandemics.

We have placed the topic in high-level forums and helped shape international processes (CBD, CITES, Pandemic Instrument, GDG, ...). As a result, we have significantly increased the visibility of the Alliance and ensured the continuation of its work.

Contribué par

Portrait de mascha.kaddori_43170

Secretariat of International Alliance against Health Risks in Wildlife Trade Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammebarbeit (GIZ)