Recommendations for an NbS pilot intervention in Elbasan Municipality, Albania, defined through the NbS Baseline Assessment of the Shkumbini River basin

IUCN, ADAPT "Nature-based Solutions for Resilient Societies in the Western Balkans” Project
Publié: 07 avril 2023
Dernière modification: 07 avril 2023
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Résumé

The  Municipality of Elbasan faces various environmental challenges with significant impacts on livelihood, infrastructure and biodiversity.

In order to tackle these challenges, recommendations for an Nature based Solution (NbS) pilot intervention in Elbasan Municipality have been defined based on the NbS Baseline Assignment. The process included consultations with relevant stakeholders, identification of potential sites for implementing pilot NbS measures, and a multidisciplinary assessment. 

The Baseline Assessment covered the topics of water management, biodiversity, and socio-economic and gender inclusiveness. Based on collected data and information, the assessment identified the Gurra catchment within the Shkumbini River basin, as the most appropriate location for the implementation of NbS measures.

The Baseline Assessment suggest two types of NbS interventions for the Gurra catchment:

- restoration of the forest landscape, and

- regulation of flow and excessive transport of sediment using check-dams.

Classifications

Région
Europe de l’Est
Europe de l’Ouest et du Sud
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Intranational
Local
National
Ecosystème
Agroforesterie
Forêt de feuillus tempéré
Pâturages
Rivière, ruisseau
Terres cultivées
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes d'eau douce
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Agriculture
Gestion des bassins versants
Gestion des inondations et des incendies
Gestion des ressources forestières
Gestion des terres
L'intégration de la biodiversité
Moyens d'existence durables
Prévention de l'érosion
Restauration
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
Sensibilisation et communications
Tourisme
Gestion des risques urbains et de catastrophes
Resilience and disaster risk management
Défis
Inondations
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Érosion
Perte de l'écosystème
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Manque de capacités techniques
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 13 - Mesures relatives à la lutte contre les changements climatiques
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
Objectifs d’Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 10: Ecosystèmes vulnérables au changement climatique
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 18: Connaissances traditionnelles
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Cadre de Sendai
3: Réduire, d’ici à 2030, les pertes économiques directes dues aux catastrophes en proportion du produit intérieur brut (PIB).

Emplacement

Elbasan, Albania

Impacts

The NbS Baseline Assessment in Elbasan Municipality enabled data collection and analysis on the state of biodiversity and ecosystems, socio-economic context, gender inclusiveness and current environmental policy. Different local and national stakeholders were consulted at each stage of the process to ensure that their needs and expectations are considered and reflected in the analysis. They identified the environmental targets to be addressed: mitigation of floods and soil erosion, reduction of water pollution, and enrichment of ecosystems and biodiversity.

The information gathered during these consultations, combined with a multi-disciplinary expert analysis, enabled identification of the priority zone for implementation of NbS measures: the Gurra catchment in the area of the village of Shushica. The proposed NbS measures will contribute to protection and safeguarding of some 150 hectares of productive agricultural land adjacent to the Shkumbini River that floods regularly. The intervention will decrease the torrential flow intensity, thus eliminating intensive erosion and preventing sediment transport and its accumulation along the Shkumbini River.

Strong stakeholder engagement ensured a broader understanding of the NbS concept amongst the local community and stakeholders, thus improving acceptance and local ownership over the proposed NbS intervention.

Contribué par

Portrait de milica.radanovic_42022

Milica Radanovic IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia