Resilience of coastal fishing communities in times of crisis

Rare
Publié: 26 août 2021
Dernière modification: 26 août 2021
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Résumé

In 2020, Honduras was not only affected by the impacts of the global COVID-19 pandemic but saw also massive disruptions and destruction caused by back-to-back hurricanes, Eta and Iota. The compounded effects of this double-crisis had major impacts on coastal communities.

Still, communities part of Rare’s community-driven Fish Forever program [GP1] showcased resilience towards these impacts, coping comparatively well. Coastal communities supported each other, demonstrating solidarity and strong social cohesion, and leveraged their healthy fisheries and money saved through Fish Forever’s savings clubs to cover income losses and other emergencies, ensure local food security, and recover. The crises also led to new opportunities through local entrepreneurship and a stronger understanding across local stakeholders of the importance of a healthy ocean for local livelihoods and food security.

 

Classifications

Région
Amérique centrale
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Intranational
Local
Ecosystème
Estuaire
Forêt côtière
Herbiers marins
Lagune
Mangrove
Plage
Récif corallien
Récif rocailleux / Rive rocailleux
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Financement durable
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Indigènes
L'intégration de la biodiversité
L'intégration du genre
Moyens d'existence durables
Pêche et aquaculture
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
Santé et bien-être humain
Services écosystèmiques
Sécurité alimentaire
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Défis
Perte de biodiversité
Cyclones tropicaux / typhons
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Gestion inefficace des ressources financières
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 2 - Faim "zéro"
ODD 3 - Bonne santé et bien-être
ODD 5 - Égalité entre les sexes
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 10 - Inégalités réduites
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 13 - Mesures relatives à la lutte contre les changements climatiques
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
Cadre d'action de Sendai
4: Réduire nettement, d’ici à 2030, la perturbation des services de base et les dommages causés par les catastrophes aux infrastructures essentielles, y compris les établissements de santé ou d’enseignement, notamment en renforçant leur résilience.

Emplacement

Omoa, Cortés, Honduras | Omoa, Puerto Cortés, Santa Fe, Iriona, Guanaja, El Porvenir
Santa Fé, Colón, Honduras
Iriona, Colón, Honduras
Puerto Cortés, Cortés, Honduras
Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras
El Porvenir, Atlántida, Honduras

Défis

The solution aims to strengthen the resilience of coastal communities to external shocks that affect their wellbeing. As these shocks intensify as our climate changes and our environment degrades more, it's imperative to build resilience at all levels—social, environmental and economic.

The COVID pandemic along with hurricanes Eta and Iota brought various challenges to communities across Honduras’s north coast. Disruptions along the fisheries and food value chains caused income loss and food security threats. The hurricanes destroyed infrastructure and productive assets. Fishing households live in a cash-based informal economy, limiting their access to loans, insurance and other protection services that act as safety nets during times of crisis or shocks. Degraded ecosystems and weak social fabrics add to the problem, not providing necessary ecological and social safety nets. Without these, coastal households are highly vulnerable and will struggle to cope with shocks.

Bénéficiaires

Fishing households living in coastal communities across Honduras’s Caribbean coast

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

Savings clubs provide simple mechanisms for rural communities to save and borrow while promoting greater social cohesion and resilience, both critical to overcoming crises and enabling community-led natural resource management. The clubs also help fishing households, who are often preoccupied with the day-to-day and meeting immediate needs, successfully sacrifice today’s spending to have enough for the future, which implies a shift their planning horizons from the short to the long run. This shift is essential for the success of conservation efforts, as ecosystem recovery takes time and requires fishers to forego a portion of today’s catches for tomorrow’s. Finally, by having access to savings and better credit, fishing households will be less likely to rely on predatory, unsustainable loans, disrupting a cycle where chronic debt drives overfishing.

Les impacts positifs

Increased resilience through effective fisheries management, marine protection and saving clubs helped counter loss of income for fishers, maintain food security, weave tighter social and financial safety nets within communities that allowed households to help each other and cover emergencies. Plus, the heightened recognition of the importance of a healthy ocean for local livelihoods is further helping curb destructive fishing and generating support for fisheries management and the creation of new marine protected areas and reserves.

Histoire

Rare

What used to be a routine trip for artisanal fisher Carlos Portillo has turned into an odyssey. Every few weeks, Carlos would travel from his remote coastal town in Honduras to the nearest city to stock up on beans, rice, flour, and, when fishing was good, even some meat. But as borders shut down and restrictions tighten as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Carlos and many like him are starting to worry about their ability to access basic food staples and household supplies.

 

World attention has been tuned to the spread of the novel coronavirus and focused on the urban epicenters of the crisis and the closure of major parts of the economy. But in rural villages in developing countries like Honduras, a broader story from lives that have always been largely out of view, is emerging. And while there is no escape from the impacts of this crisis, the struggles of coastal villages like Carlos’s, where residents fish local waters and farm small plots of land, are coming into sharp relief.

 

Like the rest of the world, the communities across this Central American nation’s Caribbean coastline are hurting. “Before this crisis I would sell up to 400 pounds of fish a week. For the past two weeks, I’ve been unable to sell even a pound,” explains fisher Elvis Rodríguez. With shelter-in-place orders, the local traders that normally buy the daily catch from fishing communities and resell it in local towns, have stopped coming. Without cold storage to save fish for later, most fishers have no option but to decrease their fishing trips, foregoing income on potential catches.

 

But as local livelihoods take a hit and uncertainty grows, Honduran rural communities are recognizing that they do have safety nets to fall back on.

The ocean is providing one of the most important safety nets, sustaining thousands of households along Honduras’s north coast. “As long as there is fish in the sea, there is hope. We might not be able to sell our product, but we can still fish to feed our families and neighbors” says Edgardo Padilla, a fishing leader from a community not far from Carlos’s village.

 

Read the rest at https://rare.org/story/when-nets-catch-more-than-fish/

 

Contribué par

Gabriela Polo Rare

Soumise par

Center for Marine Studies
Center for Marine Studies