Result based Incentive Payment Approach for better survival of seedlings and creating forest in Lake Chamo Landscape

Alemayehu Asefa
Publié: 26 mai 2021
Dernière modification: 30 mai 2021
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Résumé

Forest landscape restoration (FLR) initiatives underway in Ethiopia focus on rehabilitating degraded communal lands and planting tree seedlings. However, plantations in communal lands have faced challenges, mainly attributed to poor seedling survival rate because of absence of unregulated land use policies and high demand on natural resources.

This solution describes a result-based incentive approach for forest establishment. It has been developed to encourage forest developers to plant and successfully grow economically attractive tree species by creating ownership and improving the post planting management activities.

The forest developers should meet at least some minimum criteria regarding area of land, plantation species composition and survival percentage to be eligible for the incentive.  Introducing and promoting the system in collaboration with the local government partners significantly improves the community’s interest in planting and managing trees and subsequently increases the tree density in the landscape.

Classifications

Région
Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Agroforesterie
Forêt de conifères tropicaux
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Atténuation du changement climatique
Connaissances traditionnelles
Gestion des bassins versants
Gestion des ressources forestières
Gestion des terres
Indigènes
Moyens d'existence durables
Prévention de l'érosion
Restauration
Services écosystèmiques
Sécurité alimentaire
Défis
Sécheresse
Précipitations erratiques
Inondations
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Décalage des saisons
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Gestion inefficace des ressources financières
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque de capacités techniques
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Manque d'infrastructures
Conflit social et troubles civils
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 2 - Faim "zéro"
ODD 6 - Eau propre et assainissement
ODD 12 - Consommation et production responsables
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 6: Gestion durable des ressources vivantes aquatiques
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 10: Ecosystèmes vulnérables au changement climatique
Objectif 12: Réduction du risque d'extinction
Objectif 13: Sauvegarde de la diversité génétique
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes

Emplacement

Arba Minch, Southern Nations, Ethiopia

Les impacts positifs

Incentive for tree planters for successfully growing and managing tree seedlings is a new approach introduced and tested in the Lake Chamo catchment. The strategy is designed to involve local communities in the forest development business and to widen their perspective of tree planting not only as restoration action but also as running business for sustainable income generation, either through individual applications or through organized groups. Accordingly, the approach has encouraged and motivated tree planter farmers to be involved in the system. Changing the trend of post-planting management activities, improved tree planting knowledge and technical skills of tree planters' results the subsequent improvement in seedling survival rates.

Community attitudes have also changed regarding investing their money and time in planting and taking care of the seedlings. The possession of land use rights strengthens social fencing and the protection of planted seedlings. Accordingly, the number of ecologically and economically significant seedlings planted in the landscape has increased.

Moreover, the local administration has been satisfied with the approach in the project pilot sites and they are motivated to scale up to other parts of the regions which will require changes in the administration and financing of the FLR actions from the usual approach. 

Contribué par

Lea Dammert Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Soumise par

Gamo Zone environmental protection forest and climate change control office
GIZ Ethiopia
GIZ Ethiopia