Evaluation of protected area effectiveness

Published: 15 October 2015
Last edited: 12 February 2020

Key social and environmental factors affecting Protected Areas are identified through interviews, surveys and through research of public databases to evaluate both, the perceptions of users, and the effectiveness of authorities in the management of protected areas.


Collection of baseline and monitoring data and knowledge
Scale of implementation
Phase of solution
Inception phase

Enabling factors

  • Trusting relations between authorities and resource users
  • Sharing of detailed information between all actors
  • Knowledge of the area
  • Well-defined indicators
  • Availability of information through an open access system (INFOMEX)

Lessons learned

  • In some cases authorities preferred to receive the survey via mail so they could answer to it in a written form.
  • Although the interview questions can be shared with the interviewee prior to the interview, it is important that the interview is performed by an interviewer to make sure that all questions are answered.
  • Some of the governmental agencies, especially the military ones, are not able to provide detailed information on their involvement in surveillance and enforcement. However, given it is important to know how they participated, it is suggested to generate general information on their involvement through interviews with other authorities.