Forest Management Agreement

Published: 20 October 2015
Last edited: 05 September 2017

The Forest Management Agreement is a legal tool between the Community Forest Association (CFA) and Kenya Forest Service (KFS) for the implementation of the Participatory Forest Management Plan, which only becomes effective after the signing of a the Agreement. This agreement officially secures community ownership of carbon credits and thus, is a prerequisite for a successful carbon project.

In short, the Forest Management Agreement is the vehicle to operationalize the Participatory Forest Management Plan.


Legal and policy frameworks, policy advocacy
Management planning
Scale of implementation
Phase of solution

Enabling factors

  • The process is anchored in national laws, Forest Act (2005)
  • Community understanding of the values of mangroves goods and services
  • Willingness of the community to participate in joint mangrove management with the government
  • Registration of a community forest association (CFA)
  • Approved participatory forest management plan for the forest ecosystem

Lessons learned

  • Consensus building is needed before the signing of forest management agreement between the government and the local community
  • The agreement affirms community ownership of a designated forest area thus enhancing their participation
  • Mangrove management needs to be pursued in an integrated manner; rather than over-emphasizing carbon benefits in the expense of other goods and services derived from the system
  • Forest management agreement should be in simple language that is fully understandable by the community