Joint surveillance and enforcement of MPAs

Published: 15 October 2015
Last edited: 12 February 2020

Protected Areas authorities conduct surveillance patrols and strategic operations. Actions may be implemented by a single agency or a combined task force and can be divided into three types: surveillance, enforcement and intelligence.


Enforcement and prosecution
Scale of implementation
Phase of solution

Enabling factors

  • Appropriate human and financial resources
  • Field experience
  • Inter-institutional coordination
  • Mutual trust
  • Technical capacities to collect and analyze information

Lessons learned

  • Surveillance and enforcement in protected areas are the responsibility of the governmental agency. Still we have discovered that interinstitutional cooperation favours higher presence and enforcement in the area. Joining forces with the Marine Secretariat increased operation capacities to operate as well as the safety of involved personell.
  • Nonetheless, leadership by a responsible stakeholder is required (in our case CONANP).
  • The establishment of a platform systemizing field data collated, allows to generate valuable information, which supports the evaluation and adaption of the work programs.