Participatory CCA monitoring

Published: 30 March 2016
Last edited: 26 August 2016
The pressures of hunting and logging are gradually mounting in most of the forest areas resulting in forest degradation and decline in wildlife. In this backdrop, community conserved areas become attractive targets for certain segments of the village community and people from neighboring villages involved in illegal hunting of wildlife and exploitation of natural resources. There are also poaching reports of musk deer for glands (or musk pods) and the Himalayan black bear for gall bladder, paws and skins. Though management committees of the respective community conserved area frame the rules and regulations preventing hunting, illegal logging and over extraction of medicinal plants or associate non-timber forest products, continuous monitoring is needed to ensure that these are implemented. Keeping this issue in mind, the management committee identifies at least ten youths who are responsible to patrol their conserved area following human/ animal trails, monitor illegal movement of any suspect, dismantle traps and collect periodic data on biodiversity. This component helps monitoring forest and wildlife as well as record biodiversity information on the conserved area supporting future management planning.


Enforcement and prosecution
Evaluation, effectiveness measures and learning
Scale of implementation

Enabling factors

- Identification of villagers who are competent for tracking and well informed on the forests. The herders/hunters are resourceful and well fit for the job - Financial supports for camping gear, equipment and operational costs - Ensuring the forest authority is informed for legitimacy of the actions, legal support for wildlife confiscation/ registering case in case of convictions - Ensure community supports this.

Lessons learned

Even though the community undertakes patrolling and monitoring on their own, this effort needs regular capacity building inputs. Support from forest authority, legal awareness through regular capacity building programme on various parameters i.e. provisions under law for wildlife confiscation, registering a case for any instance of conviction and judicial support need to be ensured for optimal results. Before implementation of this component, it is important to make sure that the community understands legal issues; that they are supported by the forest authority, and receive basic training on how to handle equipment, collect and compile data for biodiversity monitoring.

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