Gang Chen
Published: 24 October 2019
Last edited: 24 October 2019
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The castanea henryi tree is an excellent kind of tree with great economic value. It grows in mountain regions with a temperature range between -16 celsius degrees and 41 celsius degrees, therefore it is suitable to be planted in many countries with a subtropical climate. Castanea henryi fruit (nut) is a kind of grain with high nutritional value, which can be introduced to be planted to help reduce the grain and food shortage problem. Castanea henryi tree stem are also quality timber for various purposes.

People can use hillside lands to plant Castanea henryi trees,the castanea henryi nuts can be sold as a kind of grain or raw materials used to make various foods, highly matured castanea henryi tree stems can be sold to make various wooden products. In consequence, people engaging in planting castanea henryi trees can have stable income from planting this kind of tree.




East Asia
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Green spaces (parks, gardens, urban forests)
Tropical deciduous forest
Urban ecosystem and build environment
Access and benefit sharing
Food security
Forest Management
Land management
Protected area management planning
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 12 – Responsible consumption and production
Business engagement approach
Indirect through consumers
(I)NDC Submission


Fujian Province, China | Hunan Province, Sichuan Province, Hubei Province in China


There is a reduced area of arable land for planting grains in many developing countries due to the land occupation by the continuous industrialization in the forms of more factories and construction of transportation facilities and infrastructure.



The castanea henryi tree can be planted on hillside land and mountain regions to produce natural grain with a great nutritional value.

Therefore, the planting of castanea henryi tree can relieve the pressure of the shortage of arable land.

How do the building blocks interact?

The 2 provided building blocks must be used together to realize a successful replication of the castanea henryi tree planting project.


People planting castanea henryi trees receive stably increasing income from this planting business in southern China. On each piece of hillside land with an area of 660 square meters covered by fruit (nut) bearing castanea henryi trees, the annual harvested nuts can be sold for about 440 US $ in 2018. Incomes from selling highly mature castanea henryi tree stems and branches are even much higher. Besides generating sustainable income, this solution also bring great environmental benefits.


Liu Yang Wang

                  A harvest of Castanea Henryi Tree Nuts from

                                           Barren Hillside Land 


   Mr. Xu Chenglin and his poor family planted 100 mu of castanea henryi trees in barren hillside land in Huangqiao village, longfu Town, Liuyang City, Hunan Province, China in the spring of 2016. The planted castanea henryi tree species have the advantages of strong adaptability, resistance to drought, early maturity and high yield. 

    2019 is the fourth year of the planting of these Castanea henryi trees. In total, about 11000 pound of Castanea henryi tree nuts were harvested and picked in May 2019 and sold at a wholesale price of 10.8 Yuan per pound, bringing in  an income of 118800 Yuan of income ( the equivalent of about 16.700 US $).

   A barren hillside land can also bring a good wealth to a poor farmer family.

Contributed by

Gang Chen Xinjiang Shawan Oasis Sustainable Development Institute