Community-based Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (CEAFM)

F. Brunken, GIZ
Published: 23 July 2015
Last edited: 30 September 2020
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CEAFM addresses the problem of declining fish and shellfish populations and the potential impacts of climate change in three selected communities in the State of Yap, FSM. It represents a combination of three different perspectives: fisheries management, ecosystem management and community-based management. It is a broader approach to manage fisheries as component of the marine ecosystem.


Scale of implementation
Coral reef
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Coastal and marine spatial management
Fisheries and aquaculture
Local actors
Other theme
Climate change mitigation, Marine protected area management and governance
Tsunami/tidal wave
Ecosystem loss
Pollution (incl. eutrophication and litter)
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Physical resource extraction
Changes in socio-cultural context
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement


Federated States of Micronesia | Pacific Island Region


Destructive fishing pratices, land-based marine damages and climate change impacts 1. Overexploitation of coastal fisheries 2. Use of overly-efficient and destructive fishing gear/practices 3. Land-based activities affecting the marine environment 4. Adapting to impacts of climate change 5. Creating alternative for community wellbeing


Local communities of three areas as well as in future adapting communities

How do the building blocks interact?

  1. Expression of Interest from the Community: Interested communities approach their respective Municipal Government to establish a CEAFM project.
  2. Initial Community and Community Traditional Leaders Consultation: The project team meets with the communities’ traditional leaders to get their support of the project. The meeting allows the community leaders to understand the program and the long-term benefits
  3. Establishment of the Project Task Force and Roles including respective important stakeholders.
  4. Community Consultations and Workshops with relevant local stakeholder groups.
  5. Drafting the Community Fisheries Management Plan (see building block 1). Once the community approves the management plan, it will be finalized for endorsement by the Community Leaders and the Project Team.
  6. Endorsement and implementation of the Community Management Plan (see building block 2 as one possible implementation action).
  7. Monitoring and Review: The Project Team should develop a review process to monitor the activities of the plan.


The analysis of the data derived from the FAD monitoring program in Yap allows us to conclude that:

  • FADs improve fisher efficiency, in terms of increasing catch rates;
  • FADs encourage household behavioural change, in terms of diverting fishing activity away from the coast, and in changing fish consumption and sales from reef to pelagic fish that are typically associated with FADs; and
  • The financial cost incurred from procuring and installing FADs is significantly outweighed by additional catch value that is generated.


The Yap Department of R&D director comments “I am very happy about how the CEAFM program has turned out in Yap. With the very little time I have spent with the public sector the marine resources it has always been about protecting and closing areas for the enhancement of animals and plants in the water.” He went on in saying, “ this FAD activity has provided the general public not the choice and alternate for food and income source but also the opportunity to look at how other activities may help and promote the management of our marine resources and our communities simultaneously not only for the future but today as well.”

Contributed by's picture

Fenno Brunken Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Other contributors

Secretariat of the Pacific Community
FSM National Government
GIZ, Secretariat of the Pacific Community