COREHABS to BearConnect: Securing wilderness in Eastern Europe

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Published: 01 December 2023
Last edited: 01 December 2023
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The Romanian portion of the Carpathian Mountains holds the largest continuous forest ecosystems in Europe, harbors many well-preserved natural habitats, and is home to large herbivores and carnivores, including brown bear. A total of 30.2% of the national territory is covered by forest, including virgin forests and ancient beech forests. However these sites are disconnected.


The COREHABS initiative (Ecological corridors for habitats and species in Romania) is providing corridor modelling as a decision support tool for stakeholders, giving them the opportunity to develop infrastructure while considering the ecological measures necessary to ensure the long-term viability of species and habitats. COREHABS and other research projects are investigating the degree to which existing ecological networks ensure landscape connectivity, and are providing practical recommendations for integrating connectivity conservation into national, regional, local, rural and urban planning.


East Europe
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Temperate deciduous forest
Temperate evergreen forest
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Species management
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Ecosystem loss
Infrastructure development
Sustainable development goals
SDG 15 – Life on land
Aichi targets
Target 11: Protected and conserved areas


Carpathian Mountains, Bran, Brașov 507025, Romania


COREHABS developed an efficient mechanism for identification and assessment of ecological corridors to assist local planning and implementation of a national ecological network for conservation. Romania is on track to protect a coherent ecological network of protected areas and ecological corridors, which will allow wildlife populations to interbreed, improving long-term genetic viability and climate change resilience.

Contributed by

connectivity_43054's picture

IUCN WCPA Connectivity Conservation Specialist Group IUCN WCPA Connectivity Conservation Specialist Group

Other contributors

Ancuta Fedorca
National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry Marin Dracea