The Ecotourism of Reservoirs Drives Habitat Conservation and Ancient Tree Protection

Yen-Shau Lin
Published: 10 July 2023
Last edited: 10 July 2023
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The Hushan Reservoir, constructed since 2001 at the western foot of the Douliu Hills, negatively impacted the local low-altitude forest gene pool and the habitats of endangered species such as the Pitta nympha and Cuora flavomarginata, prompting conservation measures. From 2007 to 2015, the Endemic Species Research Institute conducted ecological surveys in the reservoir and its surrounding forests. Special attention was given to the relocation conservation and research of the Class I protected species, Cuora flavomarginata. The Hushan Reservoir Cultural and Ecological Conservation Association was formed during the construction phase and has collaborated with government agencies since 2009, engaging youth and elders in community-building initiatives. These activities included long-term ecological resource surveys, local patrols, tracking studies on released Cuora flavomarginata and the preservation of ancient trees. The solution succeeded in promoting local industry development and enhancing eco-tourism within the reservoir.


East Asia
Scale of implementation
Freshwater ecosystems
Pool, lake, pond
Ecosystem services
Local actors
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Science and research
Species management
Watershed management
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Species Status Assessment
Species Monitoring and Research
Species Intensive Management (in situ or ex situ)
Species Conservation Translocations
Species Conservation Planning
Risk communication, community engagement and behaviour change
One Health
Animal health
Good governance of landscapes
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Changes in socio-cultural context
Sustainable development goals
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities
SDG 15 – Life on land
SDG 17 – Partnerships for the goals
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 2: Biodiversity values integrated
Target 5: Habitat loss halved or reduced
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Target 19: Sharing information and knowledge


Douliu City, Yunlin County, Taiwan


The Hushan Reservoir Cultural and Ecological Conservation Association, in collaboration with the government resources, engaged in various ecological conservation projects, serving as a guardian of both local culture and ecosystems. Since 2009, they have recorded 18 mammal species, 24 bird species, 16 amphibian species, and 9 fish and crustacean species in the Hushan Reservoir and its surrounding areas. In 2022, they partnered with the Endemic Species Research Institute to conduct tracking studies on released Cuora flavomarginata and trained over 30 residents as community tour guides. They promoted activities such as tree climbing, community-based processing of local products, and ecological nighttime observations, resulting in an annual increase of 1,500 visitors. Additionally, they collaborated with three nearby schools and educated nearly 500 children on environmental topics. In recent years, they have trained nine local tree climbing instructors through tree climbing activities and preserved ten ancient trees as a part of environmental education training. With a focus on developing community-based ecotourism, the association aims to attract young people back to the area and create a vision of coexistence between humans and the environment.

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Li-Chuan Weng Forestry and Nature Conservation Agency