Effective Community Participation in Biodiversity Conservation Strategies

Published: 23 May 2022
Last edited: 23 May 2022
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This solution presents successful regeneration of forest and wildlife through active participation of grass root level community members in biodiversity conservation measures.


It involves the realization of the forest degradation and loss of wild species by sensitizing community members about the impending fallout of the ecosystem and the urgent need to care for Mother Earth and sustainable use of natural resources. This way various grass root level institutions come together for a global cause.


Communities actively participate in the effective implementation of strategies for biodiversity conservation (such as forgoing a Jhum cultivation cycle in the forest land adjacent to a Conservation Area).


South Asia
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Temperate evergreen forest
Tropical evergreen forest
Access and benefit sharing
Biodiversity mainstreaming
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Disaster risk reduction
Ecosystem services
Erosion prevention
Genetic diversity
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Indigenous people
Land management
Poaching and environmental crime
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Science and research
Species management
Traditional knowledge
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Genetic Conservation
Species Status Assessment
Wildlife Health Surveillance (to capture biodiversity, health, disease, and pathogen surveillance)
Species Monitoring and Research
Species Conservation Planning
Risk communication, community engagement and behaviour change
Risk assessment
One Health
Biodiversity-health nexus
Good governance of landscapes
Health effects of climate change and pollution
Increasing temperatures
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Ecosystem loss
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of infrastructure
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Lack of technical capacity
Sustainable development goals
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 4 – Quality education
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities
SDG 12 – Responsible consumption and production
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 14 – Life below water
SDG 15 – Life on land
SDG 17 – Partnerships for the goals
Sendai Framework
Target 4: Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030


Longleng, Nagaland, India


Environmental challenges:

  • Exploitation of the forest and its products
  • Deforestation for Jhum cultivation
  • Hunting wildlife for consumption and economic gain

Social challenges:

  • Forest boundary disputes are reduced/solved by introducing the concept of a joint Biodiversity Conservation Area by warring neighbour villages fulfilling peace in harmony with nature

Economic challenges:

  • Forest dependent communities are given alternative livelihood support through income generating activities such as piggery and ginger farming to augment their livelihood production and ensure economic sustenance


  • Members of Yaongyimchen, Alayong and Sanglu villages
  • The Solution also benefits local and global communities through participation in an effort to create an improved ecosystem

How do the building blocks interact?

Please see the graphic below to understand the interaction.


Environmental impact:

  • Regular sightings of wild animals and their documentation by camera trapping
  • Rich floral resources including plants with various ornamental and medicinal values are documented
  • The migratory bird Amur falcon began roosting in the Biodiversity Conservation Area and the local community members continue to welcome and host the visiting guest birds annually
  •  The number of roosting falcons is estimated to be increasing every year


Social impact:

  • Communities work together for the cause of biodiversity conservation which serves as a binding factor for community members from different clans and age groups
  • Roosting of Amur falcon brings people from various cultures and fields together to document, research and witness the beautiful sights of falcons roosting in the area


Economic impact:

  • The initiative has promoted the community to shift towards creating a Nature-based recreational area in their forest for income generation



Y Nuklu Phom was born in Yaongyimchen, a small village in the Eastern part of Nagaland, located in North-East India. An ardent lover of nature, having witnessed the dramatic loss of biodiversity, Y Nuklu Phom started to associate with the community in his ancestral village to establish a Community Biodiversity Conservation project. He spent many years with the elders of Yaongyimchen, Alayong and Sanglu village and could convince them to set aside around 15 sq.km of forest to allow the biodiversity of that area to thrive without any human interference. It has been a great success. His work has been globally recognized and was awarded the prestigious Whitley Fund for Nature in 2021.

Contributed by

limamanen_41847's picture

Lima Phom LEMSACHENLOK Society

Other contributors

Community members of Yaongyimchen, Alayong and Sanglu villages
Yaongyimchen village, Alayong village, Sanglu Village