Establishement of Kayirabwa Chimpanzee Conservancy for conservation and protection of wildlife migratory routes in northern Albertine rift forests, western Uganda

Simon Akwetaireho
Published: 21 July 2021
Last edited: 21 July 2021
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Establishment of Kayirabwa Chimpanzee Conservancy from 500 privately owned forests to establish wildlife migratory routes to small and medium sized mammals and birds living in larger protected forest blocks at the edge of lake Albert, Uganda


East and South Africa
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems
River, stream
Tropical evergreen forest
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Access and benefit sharing
Biodiversity mainstreaming
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Disaster risk reduction
Ecosystem services
Erosion prevention
Fire management
Flood management
Forest Management
Gender mainstreaming
Genetic diversity
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Indigenous people
Land management
Local actors
Outreach & communications
Poaching and environmental crime
Protected and conserved areas governance
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Science and research
Species management
Sustainable financing
Water provision and management
Watershed management
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Poor governance and participation


Kakumiro, Uganda | 500 Privately Owned Forests contiguous with Kihaimira Central Forest Reserve


  • Increased crop raiding by Chimpanzee including uprooting banana suckers, eating up ripe brew bananas and drinking local brew (in preparation) as their natural foods have been seriously reduced. These form easy baits for mass poisoning of the chimpanzees
  • Chimpanzees face more harassment by communities as encounters with humans along roads and paths; wells and gardens are becoming more common
  • Chimpanzees have changed their behaviours including nesting whereby it is reported that some build their nests near people’s homes
  • Chimpanzees pose a potential threat to humans especially children as they have attacked children in a few incidents reported.
  • Inadequate monitoring and no research
  • Inadequate financial support
  • Oil and gas exploration, oil roads construction


  • National Forestry Authority
  • Farmers living adjacent to forests
  • Tourists 
  • Households using ecosystem services (e.g. water)
  • Researchers

How do the building blocks interact?

Local partnership is needed for joint implementation of on-the ground actions such as providing alternative livelihoods to 500 land owners. The priorities for funding and implementation will be contained in a management plan developed in a participatory and consultative manner.


  • A population of 150 chimpanzees residing in the corridor forests secured
  • Improved harmonious relationship between local communities and natural resource managers as a result of reduced chimpanzee-human conflicts
  • Increased household incomes and food security resulting from reduced incidencies of chimpanzees raiding crops


Simon Akwetaireho

The corridor forests on the eastern side of lake Albert are relatively rich in species and have a conservation value in terms of both species richness as well as providing the function of linking larger forest blocks and hence metapopulations of certain species that require these corridors to maintain viable populations (corridor species). Many large and medium sized mammal species still occur in the corridor forests including chimpanzees, redtail, blue monkeys, baboons, vervets and black and white colobus monkeys. Many bird species that probably require the corridors to link populations in the larger forest blocks are also found in these corridors, particularly the hornbills and tauracos. A few forest raptors were observed in the corridors but not many.

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Simon Akwetaireho Wetlands International

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Kayirabwa Chimpanzee Conservation