Governance and shared responsibility in the conservation of Gorgona NN Park

WWF / Hannah Williams
Published: 27 October 2015
Last edited: 02 October 2020
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Different strategies such as the Special Management Strategies of prevention, control and surveillance, as well as environmental education strategies are being implemented, both designed to resolve the problem of illegal fishing.


South America
Scale of implementation
Coral reef
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Ecosystem services
Indigenous people
Local actors
Outreach & communications
Other theme
Sustainable resource management
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Poor governance and participation
Unemployment / poverty


Gorgona Natural National Park, Colombia
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illegal fishing, recognition of traditional practices and pressure on fish species Identification of fishermen community conducting activities close to PA, illegal fishing within the PA, pressure on fish species that are subject to conservation values of PA ,compliance with general regulation of AP, recognition of traditional practices ( black communities) in the area of influence of PNNG, positioning the PA in area of influence – governance, joint monitoring on the commitments made


the artisanal fishermen community and their families, a school, local populations in the area of influence, environmental and fisheries authorities and the general community

How do the building blocks interact?

Politics of social participation in the conservation of national parks, promote special management strategies when ethnic communities are present in a PA, with the objective to merge the natural resource conservation and the well-being of local communities who have used and managed these territories. GNNP has generated a process to understand the relationship between the community and the Gorgona and Gorgonilla islands, by analyzing ancient conservation and sustainability actions linked with the artisanal fishery.Law 70 of 1993 recognizes that territories with presence of black communities must be managed in concert with the competent authorities. The process has demonstrated that fishing practices undertaken by this community have also enabled the sustainability of the resource. The use of selective fishing and in complement with conservation actions developed by the PAA, result in the preservation of ecosystem services by providing and maintaining fishing stocks within the region.


By implementing the “Agreement of Use,” the pressure on fishery resources can be diminished, guaranteeing to keep a stock (in desirable states) of species of regional trade importance, which is also important for the food security of local populations.There has also been a process of organizational strengthening, it allows positive steps in planning and coordination efforts with relevant entities. It has been linked to the educational community to make children and youth aware of the importance of implementing best practices to maintain fisheries resources inequality and quantity. The process allows the area to be positioned as an important conservation area for local communities.

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Maria Ximmena Zorrilla Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia

Other contributors

Maria Ximmena Zorrilla
Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia
Parques Nacionales Colombia