Inclusive Green Growth for Agrarian Farmers in Lower Mngeta, Kilombero District

AWF David Williams
Published: 15 February 2019
Last edited: 30 March 2019
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Agriculture expansion and human settlement in the Kilombero valley of Southern Tanzania has severed wildlife corridors connecting the World Heritage site of Selous Game Reserve with the Udzungwa Mountains. As a result people and wildlife are increasingly in conflict over access to resources. Focusing on an area at the boundary of the Kilombero Nature Reserve, the solution involves a sequential process of working with the villagers, local authorities and nature reserve to plan for human activities and wildlife needs at a landscape scale, helping farmers improve their production and market access for cocoa through better tree stock and links to private sector operators, and mobilising village environment committees to reforest degraded areas using the ROAM methodology. The aim is to create a cycle of sustained interventions that are internally incentivised through market driven mechanisms and good governance. The approach is being shared through SAGCOT and Nane Nane agriculture fair. 


East and South Africa
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems
River, stream
Tropical deciduous forest
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Biodiversity mainstreaming
Ecosystem services
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Species management
Sustainable livelihoods
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Ecosystem loss
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Poor governance and participation
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
SDG 16 – Peace, justice and strong institutions
SDG 17 – Partnerships for the goals
Aichi targets
Target 2: Biodiversity values integrated
Target 3: Incentives reformed
Target 4: Sustainable production and consumption
Target 5: Habitat loss halved or reduced
Target 7: Sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
Target 11: Protected areas
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Target 20: Mobilizing resources from all sources


Mngeta, Morogoro Region, Tanzania


While the long term impacts on the forest and wildlife systems are yet to be fulfilled, there are positive oucomes in terms of village, District, and government engagement with nearly 300 people participating in training on natural resource governance and rights, reforestation efforts with over 45,000 seedlings planted, cocoa farm rehabilitation with more than 27,000 cocoa seedlings planted, and replication of the approach through links to SAGCOT processes and through the mobilisation of micro-financing. Good agricultural practices for cocoa farmers have been produced in collaboration witht the farmers and Kilombero District Council and Role-Model Farmers have showcased cocoa production techniques including post-harvest handling practices to others during the Nane-nane fair where, in part as a result of this partnership, Kilombero District Council was runner up of nine districts in Morogoro region in the competition in 2018. 

Contributed by

Andrea Athanas

Other contributors

Global Nature Fund