Promotion of Climate-Friendly Cooking: Kenya and Senegal

Published: 08 May 2023
Last edited: 08 May 2023
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About 15% of the energy demand worldwide is met by classic biomass such as firewood or charcoal. Some 2.8 billion people cook their daily meals with such biomass. The combustion of biomass during cooking releases greenhouse gases (GHG). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change notes that using improved stoves could save emissions equivalent to 0.6–2.4 gigatonnes CO₂ each year.


The objective of the project is to scale-up the market growth for improved stoves in both countries sustainably and long term in order to thereby reduce GHG emissions. This is achieved by supporting the supply side (producers of improved stoves) as well as the demand side (customers), through the following activities:

(a) Professionalising the production, expanding distribution and retail structures and promoting access to finance.

(b) Raising awareness among consumers and creating a favourable market environment.

In terms of the global component the knowledge generated by the project will be shared, with the aim of scaling up the approach.


East and South Africa
West and Central Africa
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Temperate deciduous forest
Temperate evergreen forest
Tropical evergreen forest
One Health
Health effects of climate change and pollution
Land and Forest degradation
Sustainable development goals
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation
SDG 7 – Affordable and clean energy
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
Business engagement approach
Direct engagement with a company
Direct engagement with associations
Indirect through consumers
Indirect through financial institutions


Kenya | Senegal


The key barriers an be divided into supply and demand side barriers. On the supply side these are:

  • Weak technological basis and capacities to improve production processes of ICS and product design to suit consumer needs.
  • Under-developed ICS supply chain since even basic ICS solutions do not reach remote rural areas.
  • Limited access to finance due to reasons like informality, high interest rates and collateral requirements.

On the demand side these are:

  • Lack of confidence in new products and vendors due to a limited trust in new products that is caused by marketing and awareness raising campaigns not reaching rural markets.
  • Low awareness of the risks that are associated with traditional cooking practices and the multiple benefits of ICS, as well as their importance for family expenses, health and the environment. 
  • Non-favourable market environments due to policy, institutional and co-ordinational challenges.


By scaling up the ICS market rural household and thereby especially women and girls are benefitting from the results of the project.

How do the building blocks interact?

Both building blocks – demand as well as supply side measures - are key for a successful implementation of the project approach since they are interdependent. By implementing this two-pronged approach the project is ensuring the sustainable and long -term growth of the ICS market also after the projects duration.


The project will significantly limit consumption of non-renewable biomass in the cooking sector compared to the baseline situation. This will lead to greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions of 6.47 Mega tonnes of CO2 equivalent during the project period and to an additional reduction of 24.77 Mega tonnes of CO2 equivalent until 2030. It thus will enable Senegal and Kenya to reach their stated NDC targets for GHG emissions in the energy sector.


Further, the project is directly benefitting 11.23 million people and 1.91 million mainly rural households, including 610,000 women-headed households and 5.57 million children by providing them with access to cleaner cooking technologies.


The project is jointly financed by the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Kenyan Ministry of Energy as well as the Senegalese Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the Senegalese Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development.

Contributed by

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Sarah Thomas-Parensen Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH