Strategic mainstreaming of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) into planning frameworks in Ha Tinh and Quang Binh Province

GIZ Vietnam, 2015
Published: November 2016
Last edited: July 2019
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Summary

The solution supports Vietnamese government’s efforts to anchor EbA solutions systemically into land use planning law as well as mainstreaming into climate change regional action plans at provincial level in Ha Tinh and Quang Binh. This helps raising awareness on EbA approaches. Many project partners have shown interest and commitments in integrating EbA solutions into current policy elaborating processes and daily works based on vulnerability assessments and capacity development measures.

Classifications

Region
Southeast Asia
Scale of implementation
Subnational
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosystem
Agroforestry
Coastal forest
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Theme
Adaptation
Agriculture
Forest Management
Outreach & communications
Challenges
Drought
Extreme heat
Floods
Land and Forest degradation
Salinization
Sea level rise
Tropical cyclones / Typhoons
Ecosystem loss
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of technical capacity
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation
SDG 13 – Climate action
Aichi targets
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Sendai Framework
Target 3: Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP by 2030
Target 4: Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030

Location

Vietnam | Hanoi, Quang Binh, Ha Tinh provinces

Challenges

High population density in lowland river delta and coastal areas. -Long coastline exposed to cyclones. -Sea level rise of 20cm over the past fifty years and projection of 100cm by 2100. Increased frequency and severity of typhoons and other severe storms, with associated storm surges, salt water intrusion, flooding, landslides and damage to coastal infrastructure. -Government’s focus is mainly on hard adaptation measures, e.g. dykes for flood prevention and coastal protection which are needed but generate threats of damaging ecosystems. –Limited knowledge and capacities of governmental leaders, staff and communities on sustainability and benefits of EbA approach and measures. It is also necessary to mainstream EbA into development planning as well as decision making process.

Beneficiaries

Policy makers of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural development. Local vulnerable communities, research institutes/ universities, women’s unions, farmers associations

How do the building blocks interact?

The results of the vulnerability assessments (BB1) are a precondition for knowing the most vulnerable regions and sectors. Together with the implementation of training and capacity development measures (BB2) it is the foundation for systematically integrating EbA into the Strategic Environmental Assessment (BB3), provincial climate response planning (BB4) and finally draft planning bill (BB5)

Impacts

Social: Based on a series of orientation workshops, meetings and trainings, EbA has been integrated into provincial planning process and helped to promote EbA issues into different discussions and sector plans. The capacity building work has provided basic knowledge on climate change and (ecosystem-based) adaptation and ensured their sustained integration into provincial planning processes. Training courses have been conducted to enhance knowledge as well as a methodology on integrating EbA approach into development planning for partners’ staff at both levels and a number of training service providers so that they are able to design and provide relevant EbA trainings for relevant stakeholders. Adaptation: The understanding of local authorities and communities on climate change impacts, risks and seeking for appropriate measures was raised. A vulnerability assessment study conducted provided an overall picture on available ecosystems and ecosystem-services in the province and impacts by climate change to the available ecosystems and as well as adaptive capacity of different stakeholders in the provinces. The results of the VA studies provided useful and important data and information to provincial departments, leaders and policy maker to define and implement EbA pilot measures in 2 provinces incl. planting of coastal forests, mangroves and rehabilitation of natural resrevoirs.

Contributed by

Ngoc Anh Nguyen Thi Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Other contributors

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH