Strategic mainstreaming of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) into planning frameworks in Ha Tinh and Quang Binh Province

GIZ Vietnam, 2015
Publicado: 29 Noviembre 2016
Última edición: 09 Julio 2019
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Resumen

The solution supports Vietnamese government’s efforts to anchor EbA solutions systemically into land use planning law as well as mainstreaming into climate change regional action plans at provincial level in Ha Tinh and Quang Binh. This helps raising awareness on EbA approaches. Many project partners have shown interest and commitments in integrating EbA solutions into current policy elaborating processes and daily works based on vulnerability assessments and capacity development measures.

Classifications

Región
Sudeste Asiático
Escala de aplicación
Subnacional
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Bosques costeros
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Tema
Adaptación al cambio climático
Agricultura
Comunicación y divulgación
Manejo de bosques
Challenges
Sequía
Calor extremo
Inundaciones
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Salinización
Aumento del nivel del mar
Ciclones tropicales / tifones
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de capacidad técnica
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 6 - Agua limpia y saneamiento
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
Metas de Aichi
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Metas del marco de Sendai
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030
Meta 4: Reducir los daños de desastres a la infraestructura crítica y los trastornos a los servicios básicos como las instalaciones educativas y de salud, incluyendo el desarrollo de su resiliencia para 2030.

Ubicación

Vietnam | Hanoi, Quang Binh, Ha Tinh provinces

Retos

High population density in lowland river delta and coastal areas. -Long coastline exposed to cyclones. -Sea level rise of 20cm over the past fifty years and projection of 100cm by 2100. Increased frequency and severity of typhoons and other severe storms, with associated storm surges, salt water intrusion, flooding, landslides and damage to coastal infrastructure. -Government’s focus is mainly on hard adaptation measures, e.g. dykes for flood prevention and coastal protection which are needed but generate threats of damaging ecosystems. –Limited knowledge and capacities of governmental leaders, staff and communities on sustainability and benefits of EbA approach and measures. It is also necessary to mainstream EbA into development planning as well as decision making process.

Beneficiarios

Policy makers of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural development. Local vulnerable communities, research institutes/ universities, women’s unions, farmers associations

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The results of the vulnerability assessments (BB1) are a precondition for knowing the most vulnerable regions and sectors. Together with the implementation of training and capacity development measures (BB2) it is the foundation for systematically integrating EbA into the Strategic Environmental Assessment (BB3), provincial climate response planning (BB4) and finally draft planning bill (BB5)

Impactos positivos

Social: Based on a series of orientation workshops, meetings and trainings, EbA has been integrated into provincial planning process and helped to promote EbA issues into different discussions and sector plans. The capacity building work has provided basic knowledge on climate change and (ecosystem-based) adaptation and ensured their sustained integration into provincial planning processes. Training courses have been conducted to enhance knowledge as well as a methodology on integrating EbA approach into development planning for partners’ staff at both levels and a number of training service providers so that they are able to design and provide relevant EbA trainings for relevant stakeholders. Adaptation: The understanding of local authorities and communities on climate change impacts, risks and seeking for appropriate measures was raised. A vulnerability assessment study conducted provided an overall picture on available ecosystems and ecosystem-services in the province and impacts by climate change to the available ecosystems and as well as adaptive capacity of different stakeholders in the provinces. The results of the VA studies provided useful and important data and information to provincial departments, leaders and policy maker to define and implement EbA pilot measures in 2 provinces incl. planting of coastal forests, mangroves and rehabilitation of natural resrevoirs.

Contribuido por

Ngoc Anh Nguyen Thi Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Contribuído por

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH