Successfully conserving critical corridors and bottlenecks using the community-based management.

Snapshot Solution
Community forest
Community forest user group

Since the last decade in Nepal, the landscape-based conservation approach has been adopted as an opportunity to scale up conservation initiatives. The Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) Programme of Nepal is one of the examples of such approach.  The implementation has been tailored to the specific requirements of core protected areas, buffer zones, corridors, and bottleneck areas. The approach has resulted to higher level of biodiversity conservation and management, increased number of all species of megafauna, improved livelihood of local communities with women leadership, sustainable forest management and ultimately contributed to address climate change.  It has shared the roles, rights and responsibilities among diverse actors or stakeholders, and they are brought together to conserve forests and biodiversity through community-based management (CBM). Dr. Ram Prasad Lamsal, the founder Project Manager, has contributed significantly to improving policy, practices, and governance and building innovations.

Last update: 02 Oct 2021
Challenges addressed
Erratic rainfall
Extreme heat
Increasing temperatures
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Ecosystem loss
Invasive species
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Infrastructure development
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty
Scale of implementation
Tropical deciduous forest
River, stream
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Tropical grassland, savanna, shrubland
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Sustainable financing
Gender mainstreaming
Legal & policy frameworks
Indigenous people
Local actors
Traditional knowledge
Fire management
Flood management
Land management
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Watershed management
Outreach & communications
Science and research
Forest Management
Terai area, Nepal
The Terai Arc Landscape of Nepal is located across the southern plain and Siwalik or Churia hills, bordered by Mahabharat mountain rangein the North, Bagamati river in the East, Uttapardesh and Bihar state of India in the South and the Mahakali river in the West. It extends from 80° 4’ 30” to 88° 10’ 19” east longitudes; and from 26°21’ 53” to 29° 7’ 43” north latitudes.
South Asia
  • Forests protected, restored, and managed; conserved biodiversity, wildlife and habitats and wetlands; increased number of all species of megafauna, empowered communities for gender, leadership, livelihood improvement and enterprises; and addressed climate change issues.
  • Developed improved community-based model with cost effective approach and high degree of community participation and contribution, and strong partnership.
  • Hybridized traditional and scientific knowledge; and shared monitoring, evaluation and learning system.
Sustainable Development Goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
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Community forest user groups
Community forest user groups