Successfully conserving critical corridors and bottlenecks using the community-based management.

Community forest user group
Published: 29 June 2021
Last edited: 29 June 2021
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Summary

Since the last decade in Nepal, the landscape-based conservation approach has been adopted as an opportunity to scale up conservation initiatives. The Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) Programme of Nepal is one of the examples of such approach.  The implementation has been tailored to the specific requirements of core protected areas, buffer zones, corridors, and bottleneck areas. The approach has resulted to higher level of biodiversity conservation and management, increased number of all species of megafauna, improved livelihood of local communities with women leadership, sustainable forest management and ultimately contributed to address climate change.  It has shared the roles, rights and responsibilities among diverse actors or stakeholders, and they are brought together to conserve forests and biodiversity through community-based management (CBM). Dr. Ram Prasad Lamsal, the founder Project Manager, has contributed significantly to improving policy, practices, and governance and building innovations.

Classifications

Region
South Asia
Scale of implementation
National
Ecosystem
Forest ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems
Grassland ecosystems
River, stream
Tropical deciduous forest
Tropical grassland, savanna, shrubland
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Theme
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Fire management
Flood management
Forest Management
Gender mainstreaming
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Indigenous people
Land management
Legal & policy frameworks
Local actors
Outreach & communications
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Science and research
Sustainable financing
Traditional knowledge
Watershed management
Challenges
Desertification
Drought
Earthquake
Erratic rainfall
Extreme heat
Floods
Increasing temperatures
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Erosion
Ecosystem loss
Invasive species
Poaching
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Infrastructure development
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
Business engagement approach
Direct engagement with associations
Indirect through government

Location

Terai area, Nepal | Four corridors (Mohana-Laljhadi, Basanta, Khata and Barandavar), three bottleneck areas (Mahadevpuri, Lamahi and Dovan) and associated buffer zone areas of Chitwan National Park, Banke National Park and Bardia National Park.
The Terai Arc Landscape of Nepal is located across the southern plain and Siwalik or Churia hills, bordered by Mahabharat mountain rangein the North, Bagamati river in the East, Uttapardesh and Bihar state of India in the South and the Mahakali river in the West. It extends from 80° 4’ 30” to 88° 10’ 19” east longitudes; and from 26°21’ 53” to 29° 7’ 43” north latitudes.

Impacts

  • Forests protected, restored, and managed; conserved biodiversity, wildlife and habitats and wetlands; increased number of all species of megafauna, empowered communities for gender, leadership, livelihood improvement and enterprises; and addressed climate change issues.
  • Developed improved community-based model with cost effective approach and high degree of community participation and contribution, and strong partnership.
  • Hybridized traditional and scientific knowledge; and shared monitoring, evaluation and learning system.

Contributed by

Ishwari Prasad Poudel Divisional Forest Office, Kapilvastu

Other contributors

Community forest user groups
Community forest user groups