Landscape Level Biodiversity Vulnerability and Landuse Assessment, Namibia

Pippa Howard
Publicado: 28 Marzo 2019
Última edición: 09 Julio 2019
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Fauna & Flora International (FFI) recognises the need for landscape level approaches to biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service preservation. The Landscape Level Assessment (LLA) approach uses and analyses evidence and spatial data to transparently assess the relative importance of different areas in their contribution towards conservation objectives. It is also used to estimate the socio-economic values of natural assets and to assess the vulnerability of biodiversity, ecological processes and land uses to current and future pressures.  


The Namibia LLA forms a live decision support tool comprising a series of maps, technical reports, communications pieces and database of information. These can be used to guide land use planning and to help decision makers understand the relative importance of biodiversity and ecological processes across a landscape.


África Oriente y África del Sur
Escala de aplicación
Desierto caliente
Desierto costero
Ecosistemas del desierto
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Gestión de tierras
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Mitigación del cambio climático
Servicios ecosistémicos
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
ODS 16 - Paz, justicia e instituciones sólidas
ODS 17 - Alianzas para lograr los objetivos
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través de instituciones financieras
Indirecto a través del gobierno
Indirecto a través de actores legales


Erongo Region, Namibia

Impactos positivos

The decision support tool can be used in Namibia to:

  • inform policy development around integrated and sustainable land use planning;
  • support implementation of the Environmental Management Act by assisting in the application of best practice principles for the approval of exploration and mining licenses;
  • inform conservation planning and prioritisation to further strengthen the conservation areas network;
  • help identify areas that should not be subjected to exploration and development;
  • guide where detailed site level assessment is needed;
  • inform consultation processes relating to any proposed new developments in the region;
  • provide a landscape context than can help stakeholders  assess and manage their impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services;
  • identify areas where mining and other development pressures coincide with high tourism values; 
  • act as a basis from which biodiversity offset planning can move forward;
  • support integrated land use planning that takes account of environmental and socioeconomic values;

The LLA has been widely supported by government, industry, NGOs and specialists and was officially endorsed by the Ministry of Environment and Tourism in 2012.

Contribuido por

Pippa Howard Fauna & Flora International