Identification of visions for protected area management and quantification of their consequences in Utrechtse Heuvelrug and Kromme Rijn (Netherlands)

Anna Filyushkina
Publicado: 25 Mayo 2020
Última edición: 25 Mayo 2020
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The Kromme Rijn area is a dynamic cultural landscape, shaped by multiple uses and different elements of typical Dutch landscapes. Utrechtse Heuvelrug National Park within this landscape includes important forest areas and biodiversity values, but is also of historical and recreational significance. The region needs to be multifunctional given the dense population and many expectations towards the landscape, but different use interests are not always compatible.


In order to develop new solutions, identify new directions for policy and help society move towards synergetic options, an „inclusive conservation“ approach is being applied. As a first step, different visions for the use and development of the landscape have been identified through stakeholder interviews. These will provide the basis for modelling the consequences of these different stakeholder vision. Finally, stakeholders will discuss the visions and their consequences, deciding on a joint vision and pathways towards it.


Europa Occidental y del Sur
Escala de aplicación
Bosque templado caducifolio
Campos de cultivo
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Ecosistemas forestales
Humedales (pantano, turberas)
Pastizales templados, sabana, matorral
Río, corriente
Comunicación y divulgación
Ordenamiento territorial terrestre
Planificación de la gestión de áreas protegidas
Salud y bienestar humano
Servicios ecosistémicos
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Pérdida de ecosistemas


Utrecht, Netherlands | Kromme Rijn area, Utrechtse Heuvelrug National Park
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Impactos positivos

Inclusive conservation is part of the long-term strategy for a more harmonious alignment of different use interests and development of shared visions for the Utrechtse Heuvelrug and Kromme Rijn region. Using the STREAMLINE narrative approach and elements of participatory mapping we have conducted interviews with different stakeholders such as decision-makers as a local level, recreationists and residents. In these interviews we focused on their perceptions and visions for the area.


As a result we have identified four main visions:

  1. an inclusive landscape for sustainable living,
  2. productivity-oriented landscape,
  3. a peri-urban landscape of convenience, and
  4. environmentally-friendly landscape. Across these visions several tensions have emerged such as biodiversity conservation vs intensive farming (specifically nitrogen pollution), timber harvests in the National Park vs recreation and aesthetics, tranquility vs recreation or new roads or other infrastructure.

Additionally, potential spatial conflicts for land have been identified between infrastructure, energy production (i.e. wind mills), farming and biodiversity conservation. In next step we will map consequences of these visions and trade-offs. Such knowledge will then be used to co-develop shared visions for the area.

Contribuido por

Anna Filyushkina