Assessment of Governance and Equity of Lumo and Satao Elerai Conservancies for improved conservation and development outcomes.

Publicado: 31 Mayo 2023
Última edición: 31 Mayo 2023
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Wildlife conservancies in Kenya face several governance-related challenges such as biases against women and youth, lack of recognition and respect for the rights of all relevant actors, lack of full and effective participation of all relevant actors in decision making, lack of transparency, information sharing, and accountability by those in authority and lack of equitable benefit sharing. The Kenya Wildlife Conservancies Association (KWCA) has prioritized the assessment of governance and equity among member conservancies with a view to identifying and implementing actions for effective biodiversity conservation and improved livelihoods for  the communities. In 2021, KWCA, through the support from BIOPAMA’s Small Technical Grants for Assessment, supported the deployment of the SAGE tool in Lumo Community Wildlife Conservancy and Satao Elerai Conservancy to identify and prioritize actions for strengthening governance and equity for improved biodiversity and social outcomes. 



África Oriente y África del Sur
Scale of implementation
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Pastizales templados, sabana, matorral
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Actores locales
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Cacería furtiva
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Sustainable development goals
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 10- Reducción de las desigualidades
Aichi targets
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional


Kimana, Kajiado, Kenya | Satao Elerai Conservancy, Lumo Community Wildlife Conservancy
Mwatate, Taita–Taveta, Kenya



  • Exclusion of women and youth in conservancy management and decision making processes

Economic Challenges

  • Unclear benefit sharing arrangements within conservancies
  • Lack of alternative income opportunities


  • Increased poaching incidences especially for bushmeat due to COVID-19 disruption of livelihoods
  • Overgrazing within the conservancies due to unplanned grazing practices


  • Conservancy members including women, men and youth
  • Conservancy board and management
  • Assistant SAGE facilitators drawn from the conservancies
  • Private investors in the two conservancies
  • Conservation NGOs working with the two conservancies

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The building blocks were closely linked and complemented each other to deliver a successful SAGE process. Effective communication was key in co-identification and engagement of stakeholders on the project scope as well on awareness creation, and training of the stakeholders on SAGE tool and processes. 


  • Despite the project being implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, we were able to successfully complete all the planned activities within the project time-frame. These activities included stakeholders’ analysis, facilitator training, SAGE assessment, SAGE synthesis workshop and development of actions for implementation
  • The project directly reached more participants (145) than was initially intended (60).
  • Satao Elerai Conservancy has included youth and women in the conservancy's decision making processes. A youth representative has been included in the conservancy committee and women are now consulted on decision making processes of the conservancy including conservancy meetings. 
  • Oza, a constituent ranch of Lumo conservancy now includes youth and women in their boards. 
  • The participatory and self assessment character of the SAGE process made it prossible for all the stakehoders, including women and youth, to participate in the decison making processes of the conservancies. 

Contribuido por

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Vincent Oluoch Kenya Wildlife Conservancies Association