Successfully conserving critical corridors and bottlenecks using the community-based management.

Community forest user group
Publicado: 29 Junio 2021
Última edición: 29 Junio 2021
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Resumen

Since the last decade in Nepal, the landscape-based conservation approach has been adopted as an opportunity to scale up conservation initiatives. The Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) Programme of Nepal is one of the examples of such approach.  The implementation has been tailored to the specific requirements of core protected areas, buffer zones, corridors, and bottleneck areas. The approach has resulted to higher level of biodiversity conservation and management, increased number of all species of megafauna, improved livelihood of local communities with women leadership, sustainable forest management and ultimately contributed to address climate change.  It has shared the roles, rights and responsibilities among diverse actors or stakeholders, and they are brought together to conserve forests and biodiversity through community-based management (CBM). Dr. Ram Prasad Lamsal, the founder Project Manager, has contributed significantly to improving policy, practices, and governance and building innovations.

Classifications

Región
Sur de Asia
Escala de aplicación
Nacional
Ecosistema
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Ecosistemas forestales
Humedales (pantano, turberas)
Pradera tropical, sabana, matorral
Río, corriente
Selva baja caducifolia
Tema
Actores locales
Ciencia y investigación
Comunicación y divulgación
Conectividad / conservación transfronteriza
Conocimientos tradicionales
Financiación sostenible
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Gestión de fuego
Gestión de tierras
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Manejo de bosques
Manejo de cuencas
Manejo de incendios e inundaciones
Marco legal y normativo
Poblaciones indígenas
Retos
Desertificación
Sequía
Sismo
Lluvia errática
Calor extremo
Inundaciones
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Especies invasoras
Cacería furtiva
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 10- Reducción de las desigualidades
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través del gobierno

Ubicación

Terai area, Nepal | Four corridors (Mohana-Laljhadi, Basanta, Khata and Barandavar), three bottleneck areas (Mahadevpuri, Lamahi and Dovan) and associated buffer zone areas of Chitwan National Park, Banke National Park and Bardia National Park.
The Terai Arc Landscape of Nepal is located across the southern plain and Siwalik or Churia hills, bordered by Mahabharat mountain rangein the North, Bagamati river in the East, Uttapardesh and Bihar state of India in the South and the Mahakali river in the West. It extends from 80° 4’ 30” to 88° 10’ 19” east longitudes; and from 26°21’ 53” to 29° 7’ 43” north latitudes.

Impactos positivos

  • Forests protected, restored, and managed; conserved biodiversity, wildlife and habitats and wetlands; increased number of all species of megafauna, empowered communities for gender, leadership, livelihood improvement and enterprises; and addressed climate change issues.
  • Developed improved community-based model with cost effective approach and high degree of community participation and contribution, and strong partnership.
  • Hybridized traditional and scientific knowledge; and shared monitoring, evaluation and learning system.

Contribuido por

Ishwari Prasad Poudel Divisional Forest Office, Kapilvastu

Contribuído por

Community forest user groups
Community forest user groups