Support the Implementation of the Paris Agreement in Viet Nam

ICRAF, Le Thi Tam
Publicado: 01 Febrero 2023
Última edición: 01 Febrero 2023
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Summary

In response to the Paris Agreement, and Viet Nam's high levels of climate vulnerability, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety funded the project, Support the Implementation of Paris Agreement in Viet Nam. A sub-project, Development and Implementation of Participatory Ecosystem-based Adaptation Measures, Climate-Smart Agriculture and Climate Risk Management for Poor Households in Vulnerable Districts of Ha Tinh Province, was implemented October 2019 to June 2022 by provincial partners with World Agroforestry (ICRAF) as the lead. Five measures were implemented, showing increased incomes and enhanced climate resilience.

Clasificaciones

Region
Sudeste Asiático
Scale of implementation
Local
Subnacional
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Campos de cultivo
Huerto
Theme
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Agricultura
Ciencia y investigación
Comunicación y divulgación
Conectividad / conservación transfronteriza
Cultura
Diversidad genetica
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Gestión de residuos
Gestión de tierras
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Manejo de cuencas
Manejo de incendios e inundaciones
Marco legal y normativo
Medios de vida sostenibles
Mitigación del cambio climático
Pesca y acuicultura
Prevención de erosión
Reducción de desastres
Salud y bienestar humano
Seguridad alimentaria
Servicios ecosistémicos
One Health
Sistemas alimentarios
Buena gobernanza territorial
Challenges
Sequía
Lluvia errática
Calor extremo
Inundaciones
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Health
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Falta de capacidad técnica
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Desempleo / pobreza
Sustainable development goals
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 6 - Agua limpia y saneamiento
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 3: Incentivos reformados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 13: Protección de la diversidad genética
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes
Marco de Sendai
Meta 1: Reducir la mortalidad global por desastre para 2030
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030
Meta 4: Reducir los daños de desastres a la infraestructura crítica y los trastornos a los servicios básicos como las instalaciones educativas y de salud, incluyendo el desarrollo de su resiliencia para 2030.
Meta 7: Incrementar la disponibilidad de, y el acceso a un sistema de alerta temprana para múltiples peligros y a información y evaluaciones sobre riesgos de desastre para la población al 2030.
Business engagement approach
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través de los consumidores
Indirecto a través del gobierno

Ubicación

Ha Tinh, Vietnam

Challenges

Ha Tinh, a province with some of the most challenging climatic conditions in the country, was selected for pilot implementation of EbA measures. ICRAF was selected as a co-implementing partner to support “development and implementation of participatory ecosystem-based adaptation measures, climate-smart agriculture and climate risk management for poor households in vulnerable districts of Ha Tinh Province” (SIPA Ha Tinh). SIPA Ha Tinh worked in two pilot districts from October 2019 to December 2021. The pilot sites were selected through a participatory consultation process with relevant actors in Ha Tinh Province, in accordance with agreed criteria.

Beneficiaries

3500 households benefited directly from implementation of EbA/CSA (the project only targeted 1250 households). Of the 242 HHs covered in the endline survey, 95% reported increases in agricultural income.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

Partnership with local partners set the scene. Without such partnerships, the project would have been unlikely to proceed let alone succeed. The support and inputs of the Farmers Union and Extension Center, in particular, were essential for maintaining progress in the field during the pandemic's travel restrictions, and without the approval of the provincial government the project would not have been possible.

 

Building the capacity of these local partners was critical because without capable partners no field activities would have possible.

 

Tthe five EbA/CSA measures were the core of the project. Engaging farmers and extension staff in selection of the five measures was essential for adoption.

Impacts

Five ecosystem-based adaptation and climate-smart agriculture (EbA/CSA) measures with 3602 households: 1) improved homegardens; 2) moden apiculture; 3) onion–bean rotation; 4) grass; 5) prawn–fish rotation. Average income from onion–bean was USD 3500/ha/yr (4–5 more than rice); apiculture: USD 1000/yr; and prawn–fish: USD 5921/ha (14 times more than rice). Benefits from grass: fodder, reduced inputs and less erosion. Further, 285 participatory 10-day weather forecasts were produced with 35 seasonal forecasts and 35 agro-advisory posters. Thirty-two Village Savings and Loans Associations (815 members) saved USD 23,173, of which USD 20,478 was loans (92 members). A total of 13 Zalo groups (500 people) were supported by 71 trainings by the Farmers Union and Extension Center with 2731 farmers, accompanied by 8 technical videos and 11 manuals, 1 portfolio of measures, 2 policy briefs, 4 newsletters, 2 brochures and many news articles,  broadcasts and blogs, with 90,000 engagements and 40,000 accesses. Four training courses for goverment staff led to a policy brief on capacity in climate-change planning and implementation and case studies on filling gaps in avoiding loss and damage. A total of 909 households  sold 527.50 t of produce, promoted by the sub-project, resulting in prices 30% higher than unsupported products. Three proposals worth USD 893,725 approved.

Story

ICRAF, Le Thi Tam

Ha Tinh is one of Viet Nam's provinces most vulnerable to the impact of the climate crisis. Farmers, who are among the poorest in the country, have already been struggling with weather extremes, low productivity and uncertain incomes, forcing many off the land in search of livelihoods domestically and even internationally. Mr Nguyen Ke Hoach was aided by the sub-project to rehabilitate his abandoned land with drought-tolerant fodder grass and fruit trees, returning it to productivity and increasing resilience to climate and market shocks.

 

‘We abandoned this field due to hot spells and drought during the summer season but now the grass grows well even under the multiple climatic hazards that occurred during 2020–2021, such as hot spells, drought, cold spells and whirlwinds, and produces enough fodder for our five cattle’, said Nguyen Ke Hoach, a farmer in Huong Son District.

Contribuido por

Imagen de r.finlayson_42119

Robert Finlayson World Agroforestry (ICRAF)

Other contributors

Alliance of Biodiversity and CIAT