Publicado: 14 Junio 2021
Última edición: 17 Junio 2021
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The Waste Flow Diagram (WFD) is a rapid assessment tool that maps municipal solid waste flows and estimates plastic waste leakage into the terrestrial and aquatic environment. It is developed for cities in low- and middle-income countries. It can be used both as baseline assessment and for scenario forecasting - supporting the planning and monitoring of waste and marine litter interventions.


The WFD is a freely-available, excel-based tool to be applied by experienced waste experts and consultants. It requires data inputs on the municipal solid waste management as well as the systematic assessment of all waste management stages from collection to final disposal. Cities and towns without updated and reliable waste data are encouraged to conduct primary data collection exercises based on the methodology of SDG indicator 11.6.1. The WFD is based on this methodology. Further guidance and assistance is available, among others through online courses. 


América Central
Asia del Este
El Caribe
Europa del Este
Sudeste Asiático
Sur de Asia
África Occidental y Central
África Oriente y África del Sur
África del Norte
Escala de aplicación
Area-wide development
Ecosistema urbano
Actores locales
Ciencia y investigación
Ciudades e infraestructuras
Desechos marinos
Gestión de residuos
Planificaión urbana
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Sustainable urban infrastructure and services
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 14 - Vida submarina
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través del gobierno
Indirecto a través de actores legales


Eschborn, Hesse, Germany | Annaba, Algeria; Sidarjo, Indonesia; El Hamoul & Borg El Borollos, Egypt; Rach Gia and Kien Giang province, Vietnam; Mombasa & Nairobi, Kenya; Manila, Philippines; Fnidec, Morocco; Tulum, Mexico; and many more

Impactos positivos

Marine plastic litter poses a global risk to marine ecosystems, fishing and tourism as well as possibly human health. An estimated 11 million tonnes of plastic enters the world's seas each year. This amount could increase to 29 million tonnes by 2040. A large share comes from the rapdily growing consumption of single-use products and packaging worldwide.


Insufficient waste management is considered a major source of marine litter, especially along coats and rivers. Understanding the leaks and pathways of plastic waste into the environment is key in developing effective measures to beat plastic pollution. 


The WFD was designed to support stakeholders in planning and monitoring local interventions and has been taken up by various international and local institutions, e.g. in combination with the UN-Habitat SDG 11.6.1 assessments in about 50 cities and mega cities.


Contribuido por

Mira Nagy Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Contribuído por

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH