Establishement of Kayirabwa Chimpanzee Conservancy for conservation and protection of wildlife migratory routes in northern Albertine rift forests, western Uganda

Simon Akwetaireho
Publié: 21 juillet 2021
Dernière modification: 21 juillet 2021
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Summary

Establishment of Kayirabwa Chimpanzee Conservancy from 500 privately owned forests to establish wildlife migratory routes to small and medium sized mammals and birds living in larger protected forest blocks at the edge of lake Albert, Uganda

Classifications

Region
Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Scale of implementation
Intranational
Local
Ecosystem
Agroforesterie
Forêt de conifères tropicaux
Rivière, ruisseau
Terres cultivées
Zones humide (marécage, marais, tourbière)
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes d'eau douce
Écosystèmes forestiers
Theme
Accès et partage des avantages
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Agriculture
Atténuation du changement climatique
Braconnage et la criminalité environnementale
Connectivité / conservation transfrontières
Distribution d'eau et gestion des ressources en eau
Diversité génétique
Extraction
Financement durable
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion de feu
Gestion des bassins versants
Gestion des espèces
Gestion des inondations et des incendies
Gestion des ressources forestières
Gestion des terres
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Gouvernance des Aires protégées et conservées
Indigènes
L'intégration de la biodiversité
L'intégration du genre
Prévention de l'érosion
Restauration
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
Science et recherche
Sensibilisation et communications
Services écosystèmiques
Tourisme
Challenges
Incendies
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Braconnage
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque de capacités techniques
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation

Emplacement

Kakumiro, Uganda | 500 Privately Owned Forests contiguous with Kihaimira Central Forest Reserve

Challenges

  • Increased crop raiding by Chimpanzee including uprooting banana suckers, eating up ripe brew bananas and drinking local brew (in preparation) as their natural foods have been seriously reduced. These form easy baits for mass poisoning of the chimpanzees
  • Chimpanzees face more harassment by communities as encounters with humans along roads and paths; wells and gardens are becoming more common
  • Chimpanzees have changed their behaviours including nesting whereby it is reported that some build their nests near people’s homes
  • Chimpanzees pose a potential threat to humans especially children as they have attacked children in a few incidents reported.
  • Inadequate monitoring and no research
  • Inadequate financial support
  • Oil and gas exploration, oil roads construction

Beneficiaries

  • National Forestry Authority
  • Farmers living adjacent to forests
  • Tourists 
  • Households using ecosystem services (e.g. water)
  • Researchers

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

Local partnership is needed for joint implementation of on-the ground actions such as providing alternative livelihoods to 500 land owners. The priorities for funding and implementation will be contained in a management plan developed in a participatory and consultative manner.

Impacts

  • A population of 150 chimpanzees residing in the corridor forests secured
  • Improved harmonious relationship between local communities and natural resource managers as a result of reduced chimpanzee-human conflicts
  • Increased household incomes and food security resulting from reduced incidencies of chimpanzees raiding crops

Story

Simon Akwetaireho

The corridor forests on the eastern side of lake Albert are relatively rich in species and have a conservation value in terms of both species richness as well as providing the function of linking larger forest blocks and hence metapopulations of certain species that require these corridors to maintain viable populations (corridor species). Many large and medium sized mammal species still occur in the corridor forests including chimpanzees, redtail, blue monkeys, baboons, vervets and black and white colobus monkeys. Many bird species that probably require the corridors to link populations in the larger forest blocks are also found in these corridors, particularly the hornbills and tauracos. A few forest raptors were observed in the corridors but not many.

Contribué par

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Simon Akwetaireho Wetlands International

Other contributors

Kayirabwa Chimpanzee Conservation