Establishing plastic value chains in Vilanculos, Mozambique

Publié: 16 mars 2021
Dernière modification: 16 mars 2021
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Vilanculos is a small paradise with rich biodiversity along the Indian Ocean in Mozambique, which has been suffering from marine litter for decades. The purpose of this project is to reduce the amount of plastic leakage into the ocean in this city. The project established eco-points in Vilanculos, where plastic waste materials is collected at cost by waste pickers, local residents and organizations. The material is sorted, processed, and sent to recyclers within and outside Mozambique. The various partnerships and advocacy actions carried out has resulted in an increasing collection of plastic waste. This has significantly improved the local marine environment due to the plastic management system put in place. 


3R works on creating integrated solutions for waste produced in Mozambique. The company is committed to the circular value chain contributing to the circular economy. 



Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Scale of implementation
Buildings and facilities
Connective infrastructure, networks and corridors
Écosystème urbain
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Acteurs locaux
Atténuation du changement climatique
Cadre juridique et politique
Connectivité / conservation transfrontières
Déchets marins
Financement durable
Gestion des déchets
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Gouvernance des Aires protégées et conservées
L'intégration du genre
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
Sensibilisation et communications
Services écosystèmiques
Standards/ certification
Villes et infrastructures
World Heritage
Chaleurs extrêmes
Ondes de tempêtes
Cyclones tropicaux / typhons
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Espèces envahissantes
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Développement d’infrastructure
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Changements dans le contexte socio-culturel
Manque de capacités techniques
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Manque d'infrastructures
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Chômage / pauvreté
Sustainable development goals
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 9 - Industrie, innovation et infrastructure
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 12 - Consommation et production responsables
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
Aichi targets
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 9: Espèces exotiques envahissantes évitées et contrôlées
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 12: Réduction du risque d'extinction
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Business engagement approach
Engagement direct avec des associations
Indirect par le biais des consommateurs
Indirect à travers des gouvernements


Vilanculos | Beira, Maputo, Matola and Vilanculos


  • Inadequate markets of recycled plastics as well as the closure of markets due to COVID-19 restrictions leading to low oil prices and lack of recycled/processed plastics.
  • COVID-19 pandemic severely affected the tourism sector leading to the closure of most hotels leading to low plastic waste collection resulting in low revenue and disruption of the constant flow of plastics.
  • The location of one of the Eco-point was near a school resulting in cases of child labour due to high poverty levels experienced in the region, which was also exercabated by the closure of schools as a result of COVID-19.
  • Lack of plastics waste management data, due to poor data collection skills among both private and public sector agencies.
  • Poor fast-tracking of invention and innovation associated with circularity aligned to plastic waste management due to inadequate technical skills among young people due to poor education transition rates.


  • Waste pickers.
  • Local communities, including youth and women groups.
  • Environment.
  • Local NGOs.
  • Municipal Council.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

Advocacy and partnerships were critical cogs in the success of this project. Advocacy was a primer in preparing the enabling environment for the establishment of the eco-points in Vilanculos, where plastic waste materials will be collected at cost from waste pickers, micro-enterprises, and local residents and organizations. Partnerships developed the structure into which each partner collaborates and achieves milestones.


  • Various partnerships with different stakeholders has resulted in the establishment of new eco-points in the city.
  • Setting up a Material Recovery Facility (MRF) went a long way to enhance sorting, processing, and sending the material recovered to recyclers within and outside Mozambique.
  • Waste volumes in local dumpsites has been reduced and recycled volumes have increased. The current waste production is approximately 19 tons/day, 2.7% being plastics as a result of the project. In total the organization manages to collect 6 tons of waste material that is been recycled.
  • Selling and sending the processed material to recycling industries in Mozambique and abroad was very welcomed as it led to opened markets for exploitation leading to increased sales.
  • Awareness has been raised with the local population for reduction of waste, including, better management of plastic waste at source.
  • The marine ecosystem has drastically improved due to the plastic management system established, including regular beach clean-up exercises by young people and waste pickers.



Vilanculos is a small paradise in central Mozambique. It is located in front of the Bazaruto Archipelago, the country's first declared marine protected area.The beautiful beaches and the rich wildlife at the Indian Ocean coast have, however, been suffering with marine litter. Most of the waste produced in Vilanculos remains not collected or end up in a local dumpsite or the environment. But the eco-points are in operation now, opening the door for change.


Teresa Navelane started collecting recyclables three months ago. With the money she gets from delivering the material, she buys basic food items. “I think this project helped (the local Community). Now we have a fixed place to sell our material and can have some income”, says Teresa.



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Raymond Obare Sustainable inclusive Business- Knowledge Centre Kenya

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