Influencing community attitudes towards waste management

Sea Sense
Publié: 08 février 2016
Dernière modification: 30 septembre 2020
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The solution addresses poor waste management in Pangani District, Tanzania for a coastal community at one pilot site. Creative and participatory outreach tools were used to raise awareness of the importance of waste management, to initiate dialogue among citizens and village leaders, and to mobilize people into action. Citizens and leaders subsequently applied their new knowledge to formulate local waste management bylaws, providing a sustainable, legal framework for improved waste management.


Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Récif corallien
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Acteurs locaux
Déchets marins
Géodiversité et géoconservation
Perte de l'écosystème
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 10: Ecosystèmes vulnérables au changement climatique
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance


Pangani District, Tanzania, East Africa


Poor waste management, degradation of coastal habitats, human wellbeing The solution addresses the challenge of poor waste management in coastal communities where beaches and other coastal habitats e.g. forests and mangroves, are frequently used as a dumping ground for household waste and as public latrines. The solution addresses attitudes towards waste management and changes behaviors that contribute to habitat degradation and expose citizens to infectious diseases.


Coastal communities in Pangani District, Tanzania.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The building blocks are arranged in a way that they create a supportive environment for change by first providing access to information in a highly participatory manner so that citizens do not feel pressured to go against social or cultural norms. Moving through the building blocks, citizens feel empowered to adopt more positive behaviors and begin to understand the importance of personal accountability. Through the engagement of local leaders from the outset, the solution helps to build relationships between leaders and citizens so that there is a shared vision for the community in relation to waste management. This shared vision is applied through the formulation of waste management bylaws. Steps: 1. Identify the issue of concern through site visits, stakeholder discussions/meetings etc. 2. Plan and implement an awareness strategy. 3. Elicit support from key stakeholders e.g. village leaders, councilors, MPs, district authorities. 4. Strengthen capacity of community actors to take the lead on the issue. 5. Facilitate the formulation of local bylaws or other legal frameworks. 6. Document and disseminate project results as widely as possible to stimulate interest in replication and advocate for appropriate policy changes.

Les impacts positifs

1. The risks to human health caused by illnesses associated with poor sanitation e.g. vomiting, diahorrea, cholera are reduced. This impact is significant because the loss of productivity caused by illnesses compromises family incomes and decreases resilience to other livelihoods challenges e.g. climate change. 2. Degradation of coastal habitats caused by poor waste management is reduced, thereby creating a healthy and productive environment for marine biodiversity to flourish and for coastal livelihoods to prosper. 3. There is a tangible improvement in attitudes towards community stewardship of marine and coastal resources because the positive impacts of waste management actions are highly visible. Citizens start to recognize that they have an important role to play in the protection of their environment and through this role they begin to demand greater accountability from their leaders and improved governance of natural resources.


In 2011, Sea Sense became increasingly concerned by persistent reports of dynamite fishing, the use of illegal beach seine nets and sea turtle slaughter by local and migrant fishers in Pangani District. Sea Sense visited Pangani to raise awareness of the impacts of illegal fishing on marine ecosystems and local livelihoods. While in Pangani Sea Sense observed that poor waste management was also an issue of serious concern. Beaches were being used as dumping grounds for household waste and fish waste. Many villagers were also using beaches, mangroves and coastal forests as public latrines. Rotting waste, fish carcasses and human excrement were observed in close proximity to areas of the beach used by fishers to dry sardines. The potential for the spread of infectious disease represented a serious health concern. A waste management awareness campaign was initiated using community theatre, local radio and public events on World Environment Day and World Sea Turtle Day. Through access to information, citizens become increasingly aware of the impacts of poor waste management and mobilized themselves into action. A weekly village clean-up was implemented by Kipumbwi Village Council and the Pangani District Commissioner announced a weekly clean-up in Pangani Town. The immediate impact was very dramatic and in the lead up to a World Environment Day celebration, a further fifty District Staff participated in a ‘Clean Up Pangani’ campaign. A community fisheries management group in Kipumbwi successfully lobbied their local MP to join in. The fisheries management group have continued to take action on waste and requested training from Sea Sense to help them participate in International Coastal Clean Up Day. The group collected 66kgs of waste which was sorted and weighed. Data were submitted to the global marine debris database. To ensure long term sustainability the community has now prioritized the formulation of local waste management bylaws. The bylaws were drafted during participatory sessions in early 2015 and are currently awaiting approval by the District Council. At the end of 2015, four years after the initial engagement on waste management issues, Kipumbwi beach is one of the cleanest in Pangani and is used by villagers as a place for socializing and relaxation. The community has been approached by village councils from neighbouring villages for advice on waste management and their actions are already being replicated elsewhere.

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Lindsey West Sea Sense

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Sea Sense