Developing and implementing an international agreement

Published: 03 June 2016
Last edited: 29 September 2021
After the signature (Brussels, 1993) of a joint declaration leading to the designation of a marine mammal sanctuary by the ministers of the Environment of France, Italy and Monaco, negotiations for a trilateral Agreement started. After several negotiation meetings, an agreement text was developed and the Agreement was signed in Rome in November 1999. The Agreement came into force in 2002.


Legal and policy frameworks, policy advocacy
Evaluation, effectiveness measures and learning
Scale of implementation
Phase of solution
Documentation and dissemination of results

Enabling factors

Political support by the Prince of Monaco and others.

Lessons learned

More stringent agreements leading to implementation of management plans and proper funding commitments.

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