Legislative basis

Published: 16 June 2021
Last edited: 16 June 2021

Under state legislation, the Victorian Environmental Assessment Council (VEAC) is charged with providing advice to government regarding the use of public land, with public consultation a key component of the process. The Victorian government accepted VEAC’s clear, evidence-based recommendations that domestic stock grazing not be permitted on public land along the Ovens River; that a collaborative approach be undertaken with land holders and natural resource agencies to remove stock grazing and develop practical solutions for fencing issues; and that the land along the lower Ovens River be gazetted as National Park. A range of other statutes also facilitated the removal of grazing.


Legal and policy frameworks, policy advocacy
Scale of implementation
Phase of solution
Planning phase

Enabling factors

  • VEAC’s review of land use was a participatory process, occurring over multiple years.  This resulted in social licence and acceptance of the process.
  • There was strong community engagement in the process with over 9,000 submissions received (for the entire River Red Gum footprint (296,000 ha of Crown land across a total area of 1.2 million ha).

Lessons learned

  • The existence of VEAC as a Government-supported public land use arbitrator led to the creation of the park and supported improved land management practices (including removal of grazing).
  • It’s important to inform community of land use changes and commence engagement processes as soon as possible.

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