Kenya Arid Lands Value Chain Development Initiative (KAVADI) ©

AGAR
Publicado: 30 Septiembre 2021
Última edición: 30 Septiembre 2021
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Resumen

"ASAL – Arid and Semi-Arid Lands", covers around the 80 % of the national territory of Kenya. The inhabitants of these counties are mainly pastoral communities covering vast areas. Yet, Kenya’s Arid and Semi-arid lands are endowed with a rich diversity of plant resources exuding gum and resins.

 

The KAVADI approach builds capacity in arid lands by training communities in wild harvesting techniques of gum Arabic and other resins such as Frankincense and Myrrh, and through the farming of Aloe plots and the pilot plantations of trees with commercial interests. These drought resistant resources create alternative livelihoods opportunities, making communities more resilient and in a better position to mitigate vulnerability to drought. On top of livelihood building, the plantations of drought resistant trees and plants regenerate and restore landscapes, since these species do well in terrains considered "degraded" hence not used for either traditional agriculture or pasture.

Classifications

Región
África Oriente y África del Sur
Escala de aplicación
Local
Nacional
Subnacional
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Bosque templado caducifolio
Campos de cultivo
Desierto caliente
Ecosistema urbano
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Ecosistemas del desierto
Ecosistemas forestales
Pastizales templados, sabana, matorral
Pasto
Pradera tropical, sabana, matorral
Techos verdes / muros verdes
Áreas verdes (parques, jardines, bosque urbano)
Tema
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Agricultura
Ciencia y investigación
Comunicación y divulgación
Conectividad / conservación transfronteriza
Conocimientos tradicionales
Cultura
Diversidad genetica
Especies y la extinción
Extracción
Geodiversidad y geoconservación
Gestión de tierras
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Manejo de bosques
Manejo de cuencas
Marco legal y normativo
Medios de vida sostenibles
Mitigación del cambio climático
Poblaciones indígenas
Prevención de erosión
Reducción de desastres
Restauracion
Salud y bienestar humano
Seguridad alimentaria
Servicios ecosistémicos
Standards/ certification
Turismo
Otros
Land Restoration
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Territorial and spatial development
Retos
Desertificación
Sequía
Calor extremo
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Salinización
Cambio estacional
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Especies invasoras
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Gestión ineficaz de los recursos financieros
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Extracción de recursos físicos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Falta de infraestructura
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 10- Reducción de las desigualidades
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
ODS 17 - Alianzas para lograr los objetivos
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 17: Estrategias y planes de acción para la biodiversidad
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes
Metas del marco de Sendai
Meta 1: Reducir la mortalidad global por desastre para 2030
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030
Meta 7: Incrementar la disponibilidad de, y el acceso a un sistema de alerta temprana para múltiples peligros y a información y evaluaciones sobre riesgos de desastre para la población al 2030.
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través de los consumidores

Ubicación

Marsabit, Samburu | Wamba Sub County; Laisamis Sub County
Marsabit, Kenya
Samburu, Kenya
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Retos

  • De-forestation
  • Climate change (desertification, soil erosion)
  • Informality of Non Timber Forest Products (NTFP) sectors
  • Scarcity of investment in the sector

Beneficiarios

The KAVADI concept has been designed to make sure the most vulnerable communities in the region, such as:

 

  • Pastoralists
  • Women
  • Youth
  • Persons with disabilities

 

 

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

AGAR's is keen to contribute to the improvement of living conditions of the rural communities in arid and semi-arid lands, promoting inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development through the enhancement of high potential agroforestry resources, in synergy with the local private sector and national agenda.

For this concept to work effectively our biding blocks rely on each other for a succesful impact, they do this by:

  • Relying on good partnerships from all the sector players in their respective roles to increase the productive potential of gum, resins and aloe through the synergistic action of the public and private sector
  • Sustainable management of natural resources through the introduction of correct environmental practices , enhancing the adaptation strategies to climate change, reducing the impact of desertification and deforestation and promoting women's social inclusion in production processes . 
  • Trainings on business management, accountability and sales are performed targeting the communities economical resilience.
  • Formalization of sectorial capacity, increased organizational and financial management and set-up of policies and standards.

 

 

Impactos positivos

  • Income generation activities from alternative and environmentally
    sustainable agro-forestry value chains
  • Access to markets for emerging sectors through strengthening the links with public and private actors, in order to build strategic alliances for product promotion and commercialization;
  • 100 to 200 acres of degraded lands is restored through the use of drought resistant trees and plants (aloe, acacia and boswellia species)

Historia

AGAR

Before founding Agar Limited, I (Tommaso Menini -  Director) worked for several years in arid lands as a business development specialist with several NGOs: during this time, I have seen endless initiatives aiming at strengthening micro-economies through income generation activities. What all these initiatives lacked, including the EU Funded project I personally led in Isiolo for 2.5 years, was private sector's engagement from the design stage. In most projects the private sector was only involved at the very end while looking for an exit strategy. We believe that truly sustainable development can only be achieved by identifying market opportunities and helping marginalized groups to develop skills and capacities in order to develop partnerships with dynamic businesses on equitable terms.

I designed KAVADI © with in mind the base of the pyramid in our trade, the communities in arid lands, which would benefit from a structure that no development initiative has yet managed to build. With this in mind, I re-joined the private sector in 2017 after nearly 10 years working in the aid sector re-activating a company dealing with natural resources in North East Kenya, advocating for adequate environmental practices and the socio-economic empowerment of pastoralist communities through income diversification and as of late, the use of drought resistant plants and trees as a mean to restore degraded lands.

I founded "African Agency for Arid Resources Ltd”, a company specialized in dry land tree species, social economic empowerment in arid lands, natural resources development and environmental conservation in 2018 and in 2019 I became a UN consultant for a project working in 4 ASAL counties in Kenya on land restoration and bio-enterpises developent, which I am currently contributing to.

Contribuido por

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Wanjiru Mburu African Agency for Arid Resources