PEACECORE: Strengthening Capacities for Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution between Farmers and Cattle Herders in Nigeria's Middle Belt

GIZ PEACECORE
Publié: 29 août 2023
Dernière modification: 17 janvier 2024
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Résumé

Plateau State in Nigeria is affected by various conflict lines that contribute to tensions and violent conflict: farmers and cattle herders compete over natural resources such as water and land. A variety of different cultural, religious and ethnic identities are represented in the project area.

PEACECORE project promotes peaceful coexistence, sustainable livelihoods and food security. We focus on peacebuilding through decentralised structures to mediate natural resource conflict; advocacy and dialogue processes are supported while trauma processing structures are developed. We address the interrelation of peaceful coexistence and economic empowerment among cattle herders and farmers. Farmers and herders are trained in various aspects of sustainable agricultural practice and animal health, cooperatives and associations are strengthened and established, value chains and livelihood diversified, as well as traditional trade mechanisms revived.

Classifications

Région
Afrique occidentale et centrale
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Intranational
Local
National
Ecosystème
Agroforesterie
Prairie tempérée, savane, maquis
Prairie tropicale, savane, maquis
Pâturages
Terres cultivées
Verger
Écosystème agricole
Écosystémes des prairies
Thème
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Agriculture
Cadre juridique et politique
Connaissances traditionnelles
Distribution d'eau et gestion des ressources en eau
Entretien des infrastructures
Gestion des bassins versants
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Indigènes
L'intégration du genre
Moyens d'existence durables
One Health
Paix et sécurité humaine
Santé et bien-être humain
Sensibilisation et communications
Sécurité alimentaire
Énergies renouvelables
Une seule santé
Santé animale
Systèmes agro-alimentaires
Bonne gouvernance des paysages
Effets du changement climatique et de la pollution sur la santé
Aspects sanitaires liés aux facteurs socio-économiques tels que la pauvreté, l'éducation, les structures de sécurité sociale, digitalisation, les systèmes de financement et le développement des capacités humaines
Maladies tropicales négligées, maladies infectieuses émergentes, maladies non- transmissibles, zoonoses, résistance aux agents antimicrobiens
Eau, assainissement et hygiène
Défis
Sécheresse
Précipitations erratiques
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Maladies vectorielles et hydriques
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Érosion
Perte de l'écosystème
Gestion inefficace des ressources financières
Développement d’infrastructure
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Extraction de ressources matérielles
Changements dans le contexte socio-culturel
Health
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Manque d'infrastructures
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Manque de capacités techniques
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Conflit social et troubles civils
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 2 - Faim "zéro"
ODD 3 - Bonne santé et bien-être
ODD 5 - Égalité entre les sexes
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 13 - Mesures relatives à la lutte contre les changements climatiques
ODD 16 - Paix, justice et institutions efficaces
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Objectifs d’Aichi
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 10: Ecosystèmes vulnérables au changement climatique
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 18: Connaissances traditionnelles
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Objectif 20: Mobiliser toutes les ressources disponibles
Cadre de Sendai
2: Réduire nettement, d’ici à 2030, le nombre de personnes touchées par des catastrophes.
4: Réduire nettement, d’ici à 2030, la perturbation des services de base et les dommages causés par les catastrophes aux infrastructures essentielles, y compris les établissements de santé ou d’enseignement, notamment en renforçant leur résilience.

Emplacement

Wase, Plateau, Nigeria | Bassa, Bokkos, Mangu, Riyom, Shendam, Wase
Mangu, Plateau, Nigeria
Shendam, Plateau, Nigeria
Riyom, Plateau, Nigeria
Bokkos, Plateau, Nigeria
Bassa, Plateau, Nigeria

Défis

Environmental:

  • Climate change is a major issue, increased competion over water resources for farmers and herders and communities.
  • Increased population and extensive land use has increased pressure on available land resources often leading to violent conflict between farmers and herders.
  • Increased use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers have led to deteroriating land health and reduced yields.

Social:

  • The factors listed above have contributed to long standing, recurrent conflicts between farmers and herders and the deterioration of social and trade relationships. Lost trust in the state and government agencies to address the conflicts leading to wider social gaps.
  • Legal access to land is a challenge in these communities.

Economic:

  • High rates of poverty and unemployment also exist in targeted communities.
  • A lack of awareness of alternative skills and value chains, most of the population engage in subsistence farming, selling primary agricultural products.

Bénéficiaires

Our beneficiaries include:

  • Farmers
  • Herders
  • Women in target communities
  • Children affected by trauma
  • Layhelpers
  • Trained Mediators
  • Government agencies like the PPBA
  • Community stakeholders
  • Agricultural cooperatives
  • Local consultants, suppliers and vendors

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

 

The dialogue formats of CPAF and PFIM help the project to identify the priority needs and challenges of the communities as well as offering probable solutions to them. One one hand livelihood projects and connector livelihood-support projects can be identified through these community engagements. On the other hand, the joint trade and exchange activities in the livelihood block offer more avenues for constructive dialogue. Through both tracks, the resilience of participants and communities is supported, so that they are better equipped to deal with conflicts through mediation and peaceful resolution.

Impacts

PEACECORE has reached nearly 20,000 direct beneficiaries. 3,000 farmer and herder households received agricultural or livestock support, including vaccination and animal health programs, and 700 households supported in generating income. 5,300 farmers and herders trained on climate smart agriculture and eco-friendly income generation. Local capacities strengthened in selected conflict- ridden communities through pilot projects to establish organic and niche value chains such as bee-keeping, chili sauce, soil regeneration, fodder, the millet acha (fonio), briquettes, cheese and soya. Over 5 Community Cooperatives have been established through these efforts. 600 individuals pursued additional income opportunities through cash for work and basic vocational trainings to 500 youths provided. 100 mediators trained in community based collaborative dispute resolution. Decentralized dialogue forums established to encourage local contributions to peacebuilding. Through these over 50 disputes over natural resources have been resolved. Additionally, 12 psychologists and 30 lay persons were trained to provide trauma processing referral structures and 66 children received trauma processing assistance.  300 households received counselling support on matters of land rights amongst which approximately 100 households were offered legal counselling.

Histoire

YARAC

Ancha Community Congo Grass Farm: A Success Story

Ancha Community is in Zobwo Ward of Bassa Local Government Area (LGA) of Plateau State, Nigeria. It is one of the communities in the LGA that experienced violent farmer-herder conflict with loss of many lives and properties in recent years (especially between 2019 and 2022).  

The GIZ-PEACECORE project partnered with Youth Adolescent, Reflection and Action Center (YARAC), a local civil society organisation, to implement peacebuilding and livelihood activities that encouraged peaceful coexistence between farmers and herders in three (3) communities of Bassa LGA which Ancha Community is one of them. The project brought together the conflicting parties (farmers and herders) under one cooperative to carry out farming activities. In 2022/2023, the cooperative, under the guidance and training of YARAC, cultivated Congo grass and Mucuna beans (see video and pictures) as well as maize. The Congo grass and Mucuna beans are of great value to both the farmers and the herders as economic crops that are of great nutritional value to livestock.

Contribué par

Portrait de guel.akbal_43068

Gül Pembe Akbal Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH