Community resource governance in support of protected area and landscape planning (top-down/bottom-up synergy)

Publicado: 10 Agosto 2021
Última edición: 03 Diciembre 2021

MEP used Mali’s decentralisation legislation to create, with local people, a model of “elephant-centred” CBNRM. This legislation performed a vital enabling function that resulted in a model of resource governance at the village and commune levels, that was enshrined in local and commune conventions, as well as the commune socio-economic development plans. The MEP then worked with government to further reinforce these systems by drafting new legislation that created a new protected area covering the whole of the elephant migration route using a biosphere model which supported the community conventions. The aim was to give a mandate to the government foresters to be able to support local communities in the enforcement of their conventions if need be, thereby strengthening the community systems. This aligns government and community interests to mutually reinforce each other and provide a cost-effective approach to reserve management. This top-down approach complements the bottom-up approach of community engagement.

Classifications

Categorías
Asociación
Creación de co-manejo
Comunicación, divulgación, y construcción de conciencia
Educación, entrenamiento y otras actividades de desarrollo de capacidades
Aplicación de la ley y enjuiciamiento
Marco legal y normativo, promoción de políticas.
Planificación de Manejo
Medios de vida sustentables
Escala de aplicación
Local
Subnacional
Nacional
Fase de la solución
Fase de planificación
Fase de inicio
Implementación

Factores favorables

The model of “Elephant-centred” CBNRM that had been devised.

Lecciónes aprendidas

The importance of enabling legislation to catalyse grass-roots empowerment.

 

The need for a neutral “facilitation” agency to bring the different parts of the community together.

 

The speed of the process of creating new legislation is lengthy and depends on the degree to which government partners are engaged and championing the initiative, however NGOs can provide technical support and reminders to generate forward motion.

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