Forest Garden Approach

E.K Mugure
Publicado: 23 Diciembre 2020
Última edición: 23 Diciembre 2020
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Resumen

Maximal Space Utilization

          Horizontal space Optimization

Crops are planted not in the conventional horizontal rows, but bio-intensive triangular rows (Allongue, 2018). Bio-Intensive Triangular Spacing offers plant density in a farm, thus allowing farmers to put more crops in an otherwise small piece of land.

Vertical Space Optimization

In this second technique of the forest garden approach, the farmer plants crops that utilize the vertical space differently, with some utilizing more of the underground, others more of the atmosphere (Allongue, 2018). In this technique, crops can be dense on a farm, yet give each other space to grow and flourish, as the crops support each other. Cabbages and carrots can for example grow together in one space seeing that carrots will utilize more of the underground space while cabbages will utilize the above-round space. An addition of kales and maize plants into the mix offers shade for the former plants as well as soil conservation from erosion.

Classifications

Región
África Occidental y Central
África Oriente y África del Sur
Escala de aplicación
Local
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Campos de cultivo
Ecosistema urbano
Techos verdes / muros verdes
Tema
Agricultura
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Medios de vida sostenibles
Prevención de erosión
Salud y bienestar humano
Seguridad alimentaria
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Urban poverty and housing
Challenges
Sequía
Inundaciones
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Extracción de recursos físicos
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de infraestructura
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados

Ubicación

Murang'a, Muranga, Kenya

Impactos positivos

Advantages of Forest Garden Approach

Superior to the conventional monoculture, the Forest Garden Approach offers many advantages all geared towards sustainable organic farming, let alone maximal space optimization.

Environmental impacts are:

1. Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

2. Reduced introduction of chemicals into the ecosystem

3. Soil preservation by the use of ground cover and shrub crops

Social impacts are:

1. Families have year-round farming 

2. Reduced conflicts over farming space since people may now utilize micro spaces

3. Food security for families and hence the society at large due to year-round farming of different crops

4. Families enjoy better nutrition from the wide range of crops

Economic benefits:

1. A reduction in the cost of farming

2. Increased farm produce hence increased year-round trade

Contribuido por

Esther Mugure Consultant to GIZ