Pasture Management Techniques

Published: 22 November 2019
Last edited: 22 November 2019

Pasture management Planning in Tajikistan

Overgrazing, especially in the immediate vicinity of villages puts significant pressure on the communal pasture lands and leads to serious land degradation. This land degradation puts the livelihood and food security of the rural Tajik population at risk. Despite the adoption of the pasture law in 2013 (which sets the framework), community-based controlled grazing mechanisms are not yet widespread. Main reasons are the absence of by-laws and weak law enforcement. Sustainable pasture management planning is consequently a crucial tool to be applied by pasture users.

 

Classifications

Category
Collection of baseline and monitoring data and knowledge
Communication, outreach and awareness building
Education, training and other capacity development activities
Evaluation, effectiveness measures and learning
Management planning
Scale of implementation
Local
Subnational
Phase of solution
Planning phase
Inception phase
Implementation
Monitoring

Enabling factors

1. Study of the current pasture management plans to identify needs for improvement

2. Pasture plant species catalog

3. Tool for calculating the pasture carrying capacity 

4. Grazing calendars

5. Techniques for sustainable fodder production for the winter season

 

Lessons learned

For a successful implementation of sustainable pasture management techniques, the following should be considered:

  • Assess the current conditions of the pasture and look at the current way the community is managing its pasture;
  • Improve livestock management overall and do not only look at pasture management;
  • Apply a simple tool to calculate the pasture carrying capacity;
  • Provide practical exercises in the field for farmers, e.g. through farmer field schools;
  • Ensure the pastures can regenerate after a grazing period and pastures are not grazed too early in spring;
  • Provide low-cost fencing techniques;
  • Use traditional, local varieties of fodder seeds;

  • Increase plant diversity that provides nectar for pollinators and beneficial insects;

  • Control and prevent erosion;

  • Ensures economic benefits to farmers

  • Ensure optimal use of fodder production areas;

  • Ensure access to technologies through documentation of techniques on platforms like Wocat and PANORAMA.