Collection of baseline wildlife health data

Publicado: 21 Junio 2022
Última edición: 21 Junio 2022

Conducting monitoring and surveillance in wildlife (both healthy populations and those showing signs of disease) and routine serological testing for exposure to pathogens frequently shared with livestock as well as more in depth diagnostics e.g. PCR/ NGS on sick/ dead animals support comprehensive understanding of the circulation of pathogens in these populations, geographic and temporal distributions and time-lines of exposure and non-exposure of different populations. Integration of this data with livestock surveillance data contributes to understanding of the epidemiology of diseases and the dynamics of disease outbreaks, including the potential source, to implement effective science-based control strategies.

Classifications

Category
Asociación
Creación de co-manejo
Colecta de datos de línea base y monitoreo
Comunicación, divulgación, y construcción de conciencia
Educación, entrenamiento y otras actividades de desarrollo de capacidades
Evaluación, medidas de efectividad y aprendizaje
Scale of implementation
Local
Subnacional
Nacional
Phase of solution
Fase de planificación
Fase de inicio
Implementación
Monitoreo
Documentación y difusión de los resultados
Fase de revisión
Totalidad

Enabling factors

Financial support for surveillance; human capacity for surveillance, and data management and analysis; access to sites to conduct surveillance; cold chain/ sample storage capacity; capacity for accurate field and/ or laboratory based diagnostics; good coordination between environment/ wildlife and livestock health sectors; openness for result sharing by host government

Lessons learned

Coordination and support from the government is essential from the beginning to ensure support for surveillance, understanding of what is being implemented and the goals/ outcomes, good coordination between sectors, engagement to build local capacity and export samples for testing where necessary, host government willingness to be open about diagnostic findings and motivation to amend disease control strategies based on findings.  Wildlife health is under-funded in all countries compared with livestock and human health sectors and external donor support is almost certainly required for success of such programs in LMICs and MICs. It takes considerable time and patience to develop truly functional, localized wildlife health surveillance networks, integrated with other national surveillance networks

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