Ensuring the Sustainability of Wastewater Operations in West End, Roatán.

Joel Amaya/ Polo's Water Board
Publié: 12 avril 2021
Dernière modification: 17 février 2022
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The community of West End, Roatán, is located in the Mesoamerican Reef and is one of the hubs for the tourism industry that is essential to the Honduran economy. Over a million tourists visit the island of Roatán in the Bay Islands each year, drawn to its colorful reefs, white-sand beaches, and clear waters.  


To ensure the protection of the Roatan reefscape, The Coral Reef Alliance (CORAL) has been leading efforts to improve marine water quality in Honduras since 2012, the same year when the community of West End had its activated sludge wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) built. The plant is currently managed and operated by Polo’s Water Board with support from CORAL and the Mesoamerican Reef Fund (MARFUND).  Unfortunately, the COVID-19 pandemic created a significant loss of operating revenue for the plant due to Roatán's tourism-dependent economy. 


Amérique centrale
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Buildings and facilities
Herbiers marins
Récif corallien
Récif rocailleux / Rive rocailleux
Écosystème urbain
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Acteurs locaux
Aménagement urbain
Cadre juridique et politique
Distribution d'eau et gestion des ressources en eau
Entretien des infrastructures
Financement durable
L'intégration de la biodiversité
L'intégration du genre
Santé et bien-être humain
Science et recherche
Sensibilisation et communications
Services écosystèmiques
Traitment des eaux usées
Villes et infrastructures
Autre thème
Community based Management
monitoring and reporting
Gestion des risques urbains et de catastrophes
Sustainable urban infrastructure and services
Ondes de tempêtes
Cyclones tropicaux / typhons
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque d'infrastructures
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 6 - Eau propre et assainissement
ODD 7 - Énergie propre et d'un coût abordable
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Objectifs d’Aichi
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Approches pour l’engagement des entreprises
Indirect par le biais des consommateurs


West End, Roatán, Bay Islands, Honduras


  1. Inefficient wastewater management leading to poor water quality and its impact on the integrity and health of both humans and corals; as well as the local tourism industry. 

  2. Roatán’s economy is highly dependent on tourism. Additionally, many of the residences in the West End community are vacation homes. Unfortunately, as COVID-19 began to ramp up, many people with vacation homes returned to their home countries. The hotels emptied out and, although borders are now open, tourism is recovering very slowly and will most likely not recover fully until the last quarter of 2021. 

  3. Because the wastewater plant depends entirely on user fees to operate, Polo’s Water Association is now facing a 70% reduction in its operative income.


  • Local community.

  • Tourism stakeholders.

  • Co-managers of the Bay Islands National Marine Park.

  • Marine and coastal communities and Small Island Developing States that might replicate this project. 

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

Multi-stakeholder and Community Engagement promotes governance and allows the project to reach its infrastructure goals and financial goals through payment of service fees and additional funding through grants, providing input for Budget Modeling for Sustainable Financing which assesses the project's finances, identifying projected cash flow, needs, and funding opportunities; while promoting resilience through designing budget scenarios. Marine Water Quality Monitoring generates data to evaluate its performance and to design its potential growth. 


These first building blocks provide the elements that go into planning for the Future. The improvements are established with a holistic approach that unifies scientific, technical, and financial factors; as well as honoring its community-based management model.  


This management model has the potential to be adapted and replicated in communities of the Bay Islands of Honduras and also in marine-coastal areas within the Mesoamerican Reef and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) based on their shared geographical characteristics and challenges.


  1. The alliance between Polo’s Water Board CORAL transformed wastewater management in the community of West End. Setting a standard for effective wastewater treatment based on community management; bringing the cumulative amount of raw sewage treated to an incredible 29.3 million gallons per year.

  2. In 2020 Polo’s waterboard was able to cover electrical costs, reparation of the aeration system, additional roofing, 62 solar panels to reduce monthly costs and daytime energy consumption by 80%, and a new station to increase coverage of sewage treatment services.

  3. There has been a significant improvement in the marine water quality since the WWTP's construction. A clear example is the certification of Half Moon Bay beach under the Ecological Blue Flag Program.


Joel Amaya/ Polo's Water Board

West End Roatán and its Half Moon Bay beach offer its local population and visitors beautiful, clean, blue, and safe marine water that can also protect the reef's health while supporting its journey towards becoming a sustainable tourism destination.


The partnership between The Coral Reef Alliance and Polo’s Water Board has resulted in the effective management of wastewater treatment in West End, preventing marine pollution by treating 29.3 million gallons of raw sewage per year.

Contribué par

Portrait de marteam1_39825

MAR Team - Coral Reef Alliance Coral Reef Alliance

Autres contributeurs

Polo's Water Board - West End, Roatan